Tablighi Jamaat

Tablighi Jamaat (Urdu: تبلیغی جماعت, Arabic: جماعة التبليغ‎, English: Society for spreading faith)[2] is a transnational religious movement which was revived in 1926 by Muhammad Ilyas in India.[5] The movement primarily aims at Islamic spiritual reformation by working at the grass roots level, reaching out to Muslims across all social and economic spectra to bring them closer to the practices of Islamic prophet Muhammad.[4][6]

Tablighi Jamaat (Tabligh Jamaat) came forth as an offshoot of the Deobandi movement. Its inception is believed to be a response to Hindu revivalist movements, which were considered a threat to vulnerable and non-practicing Muslims.[7] Tabligh Jamaat gradually expanded from local to national to a transnational movement and now has followers in over 150 countries.[4]

Tabligh Jamaat maintains a non-affiliating stature in matters of politics and fiqh (jurisprudence) so as to eschew the controversies that would otherwise accompany such affiliations.[8] Although, Tabligh Jamaat emerged out of the Deobandi sub-school in the Hanafi fiqh, no particular interpretation of Islam has been endorsed since the beginning of movement.[8][9] Tabligh Jamaat has largely avoided electronic media and has emphasized a personal communication for proselytizing. The teachings of Tabligh Jamaat are mainly rudimentary and the Six Principles put forward by Muhammad Ilyas influence most of their teachings. Despite its pacifist stance, Tabligh Jamaat has appeared on the fringes of numerous terrorism investigations. Tablighi Jamaat’s role as a springboard to terrorist organizations has been questioned several times but there is no evidence that the Tabligh Jamaat deliberately act as a recruiting arm for Islamic militant organizations.[4][10] Tabligh Jamaat attracted significant public and media attention when it announced plans for the largest mosque in Europe to be built in London, United Kingdom.

Contents

[hide]

[edit] History

Deobandi movement
Deoband.jpg
Key figures
Qasim Nanotvi · Rashid Gangohi
Husain Madani · Mehmud Hasan
Shabbir Usmani · Ashraf Ali Thanwi
Anwar Kashmiri · Ilyas Kandhlawi
Ubaidullah Sindhi ·
Notable Institutions
Darul Uloom Deoband, Deoband, UP, India
Darul Uloom Muinul Islam Hathazari, Chittagong, Bangladesh
Darul Uloom Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan
Darul Uloom Haqqania, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Jamia Ashrafia, Lahore, Pakistan
Jamia Uloom ul Islamia, Banori Town, Karachi
Madrassa Arabia Islamia, Tableeghi Markaz, Raiwind Pakistan
Darul Uloom Bury, Holcombe, England
Darul Uloom Bolton, Bolton, England
Jamiatur Rasheed, Karachi, Pakistan
Mazahirul Uloom, Saharanpur, India
Movements
Tablighi Jamaat
Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind
Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam
Tehreek-e-Khatme Nabuwwat
Sipah-e-Sahaba

[edit] Origin

Tablighi Jamaat originated in 1926 in Mewat, in north India, which was inhabited by Rajput tribes known as Meos. At the time, some Muslim Indian leaders feared that Muslims were losing their religious identity to the majority Hindu culture.[11]

There is evidence that several Meos converted to Islam, followed by re-conversion to Hinduism when Muslim political power declined in the region. Meos were generally benighted Muslims before the emergence of Tabligh Jamaat, and lacked the necessary acumen required to resist the cultural and religious influence of Hindus.[12]

Role of Meo People

Moulana Muhammad Ilyas (R), the founder of Tabligh Jamaat, wanted to set forth a movement that would exemplify the Quranic decree of ‘enjoining good and forbidding evil’.[Qur’an 3:104][13] The inspiration for devoting his life to Islam came to Ilyas during his second pilgrimage to the Hejaz in 1926.[14] His initially strove to establish a network of mosque-based religious schools to educate Mewati Muslims about correct Islamic beliefs and practices. Shortly afterwards, he was disappointed with the reality that these institutions were producing religious functionaries but not preachers.[15]

He abandoned his teaching profession at Madrasah Mazharul Ulum in Saharanpur and started on his life as a missionary. He relocated to Nizamuddin near Delhi, where this movement was formally launched in 1926.[15] When setting the guidelines for the movement, he sought inspiration from the practices adopted by Prophet Muhammad (Sallalaho Alihe Wasalam) at the dawn of Islam.[13] Muhammad Ilyas put forward the slogan, Urdu: “!اﮮ مسلمانو! مسلمان بنو”, “O Muslims! Become Muslims”. This expressed the central focus of Tablighi Jamat; their aim to renew Muslim society by uniting them in embracing the lifestyle of Muhammad (Sallalaho Alihe Wasalam). The movement gained a phenomenal following in a relatively short period and nearly 25,000 people attended the annual conference in November 1941.[15]

[edit] Expansion

The group began to expand its activities in 1946, and within two decades the group reached Southwest Asia and Southeast Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America.[16] Tabligh Jamaat’s aversion to politics helped it enter and operate in societies where politically active religious groups faced severe restrictions.[17] Initially it expanded its reach to South Asian diaspora communities, firstly in Arabic countries, and then in Southeast Asia. The first foreign missions were sent to Hijaz and Britain in 1946.[18] Before entering Europe, the movement first established itself in the United States. It established a large presence in Europe during the 1970s and 1980s.[11] In 1978, construction of the Markazi mosque in Dewsbury, England, commenced, which subsequently became the European headquarters of Tablighi Jamaat. This centre holds one major gathering annually, generally in Dewsbury itself. It has also constructed a busy madrassah, called the Islamic Institute of Education.[19]

Introduced in France in 1960s, it grew prominently in during 1970-80s.[20] Tabligh Jamaat declined around 1989, although some members still represent it in the French Council of the Muslim Faith.[11] In the few years before 2006, Tabligh Jamaat’s influence has exponentially grown in France, which now has around 100,000 followers.[1] However, the United Kingdom is the current focus of the movement in the West, primarily due to the large South Asian population that began to arrive there in the 1960s and 1970s.[21] By 2007, Tabligh members were situated at 600 of Britain’s 1350 mosques.[19]

After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the movement made inroads into Central Asia. As of 2007, it was estimated 10,000 Tabligh Jamaat members could be found in Kyrgyzstan alone.[2] The FBI believes that nearly 50,000 members of Tablighi Jamaat are active in United States.[4] By 2008, organization had a presence in nearly 213 countries and with a global following of 100 to 150 million people, it has now become the largest Muslim movement in the world. However, it maintains a majority presence in South Asia.[4][22]

[edit] Beliefs and objectives

Following the fundamentals of Sunni Islam, every member is allowed to follow his own fiqh as long as it does not deviate from Sunni Islam.[8][21] Tablighi Jamaat defines its objective with reference to the concept of Da’wa which literally means ‘to call’ and connotes to an invitation to act. In religious context, it implies to a call towards prayer which may also refer to a ‘mission’ if used in reference with religious prophets and people who were assigned such mission. Tabligh Jamaat interprets Da’wa as enjoining good and forbidding evil and defines its objective within the framework of two particular Quranic verses which refer to this mission.[23] Those two verses are:[24]

“And who speaks better than he who calls to Allah while he himself does good, and says: I am surely of those who submit?” [Qur’an 41:33]
“Let there arise out of you a band of people inviting to all that is good, enjoining what is right, and forbidding what is wrong. They are the ones to attain felicity.”[Qur’an 3:104]

Tabligh Jamaat encourages everyone to fulfill the Islamic requirement of da’wa even if the person falls short of strong religious intellect. This was different from the other Islamic movements which were mainly ulema-led and extended their leadership roles to the religious erudites. Tabligh Jamaat also negated the prevailing idea that the highest standards of Islamic scholarship and ethical standards were pre-requisites for proselytizing; and promoted da’wa as a mechanism of self-reform.[25]

The only objective of Tabligh Jamaat, overtly stated in most sermons, is that Muslims adopt and invite for the Islamic lifestyle, exemplified by Islamic Prophet Muhammad (Sallalaho Alihe Wasalam), in its perfection. They encourage Muslims to spend time out of their daily routine in the tablighi activities so that the rest of routine could be harmonized with Islamic lifestyle. They insist that the best way of learning is teaching and encouraging others.[7]

Tablighi ethic discourages social enmeshments in customary and ceremonial rituals which are usually extravagantly followed in South Asia. For example, in such annual congregations and other similar mass meetings, marriages are performed by dozens sans the costly celebrations.[26]

[edit] Six Principles

Muhammad Ilyas devoted to what he described as “the mission of the Prophets (Peace be upon them)”. The method adopted by him was simple. It was to organize units (called jamaats, Arabic: جماعتِ ‎ meaning Assembly) of at least ten persons and send them to various villages. This unit jamaat, would visit a village, invite the local Muslims to assemble in the mosque and present their message in the form of Six Principles.[27] Muhammad Ilyas articulated six demands in the form of Six Principles which are quintessential to Tabligh Jamaat’s teachings. These six principles are:

  1. Kalimah: An article of faith in which the Muslim accepts that “there is no god but Allah and the Muhammad (Sallalaho Alihe Wasalam) is His messenger.”
  2. Salah: “Five daily prayers that are essential to spiritual elevation, piety, and a life free from the ills of the material world.”
  3. Ilm and Dhikr: “The knowledge and remembrance of Allah conducted in sessions in which the congregation listens to preaching by the emir, performs prayers, recites the Quran and reads Hadith.
  4. Ikram-i-Muslim: “The treatment of Muslims with honor and deference.”
  5. Tas’hih-i-Niyyat: Reforming one’s life in supplication to Allah by performing every human action for the sake of Allah and toward the goal of self-transformation.”
  6. Tafrigh-i-Waqt: “The sparing of time to live a life based on faith and learning its virtues, following in the footsteps of the Prophet, and taking His message door-to-door for the sake of faith.”[21]

[edit] Organization

 

Kakrail Mosque, Dhaka. The Tablighi Jamaat movement in Bangladesh is mostly based here.

Tablighi Jamaat follows an informal organizational structure and keeps an introvert institutional profile. It keeps distance from mass media and avoids publishing details about its activities and membership. The group also exercises complete abstinence from expressing opinions on political and controversial issues mainly to avoid the disputes which would accompany these endorsements.[28][29] As an organization, Tabligh Jamaat does not seek donations and is largely funded by its senior members. Since there is no formal registration process and no official membership count has ever been taken, the exact membership statistics remain unknown.[30] The movement discourages interviews with its elders and has never officially released texts. Even though there are publications associated with the movement, particularly by Zakariya Kandahalwi, the emphasis has never been on book learning, but rather on first-hand personal communication.[7][31] A collection of books, usually referred as Tablighi Nisaab (Tablighi Curriculum), is recommended by Tabligh Jamaat elders for general reading. This set includes four books namely (Hayatus Sahaba, Fazail-e-Amal, Fazail-e-Sadqaat and Muntakhab-e-Ahadis).[32] .

The organization’s activities are coordinated through centers and headquarters called Markaz. Tablighi Jamaat maintains its international headquarters, called Nizamuddin Markaz, in the Nizamuddin West district of Delhi, India, from where it originally started. It also has country headquarters in over 213 countries to coordinate its activities. These headquarters organize volunteer, self-funding people in groups (called jamaats), averaging ten to twelve people, for reminding Muslims to remain steadfast on path of Allah (Subhanaho-wa-ta’ala).[22] These jamaats and preaching missions are self funded by their respective members.

[edit] Leadership

Ameer is the title of leadership in the Tabligh Jamaat and the attribute largely sought is the quality of faith, rather than the worldly rank.[26] The ameer of Tabligh Jamaat is appointed for life by central consultative council (shoora) and elders of Tabligh Jamaat.[31][33] First ameer, also the founder, was Muhammad Ilyas, second was his son Muhammad Yusuf and the third was Inaam ul Hasan.[16] At present, there is a council of three people ([[Zubair ul Hasan], [[Saad Kandhalawi] and Haji Muhammad Abdul Wahhaab sahib])with Haji Muhammad Abdul Wahhaab sahib as their ameer.[22]

[edit] Activities and traditions

Dry-dock parable:
Man is a ship in trouble in tumultuous sea. It is impossible to repair it without taking it away from the high seas where the waves of ignorance and the temptations of temporal life assail it. Its only chance is to come back to land to be dry-docked. The dry-dock is the mosque of the jamaat.

— from the book Travellers in Faith[34]

The activism of Tabligh Jamaat can be characterized by the last of the Six Principles. This principle, Tafrigh-i-Waqt (English: sparing of time) justifies the withdrawal from world, though temporarily, for travelling. Travel has been adopted as the most effective method of personal reform and has become an emblematic feature of organization. They describe the purpose of this retreat as to patch the damages caused by the worldly indulgence and occasionally use the dry-dock parable to explain this.[34]

This withdrawal is generally compared to the Hijra, where Islamic Prophet Muhammad (Sallalaho Alihe Wasalam) and his (Sallalaho Alihe Wasalam) Ṣaḥābah (Arabic: “!الصحابة”, “companions”) left behind their worldly pursuits for religious concerns and migrated to the city of Medina in 622 AD. These individual jamaats, each led by an ameer, are sent from each markaz across the city or country to remind people to persist on the path of Allah (Subhanaho-wa-ta’ala). The duration of the work depends on the discretion of each jamaat. A trip can take an evening, a couple of days or a prolonged duration.[4][26]

[edit] Khurūj – proselytizing tour

Tabligh Jamaat encourages its followers to follow the pattern of spending “one night a week, one weekend a month, 40 continuous days a year, and ultimately 120 days at least once in their lives engaged in tabligh missions”. During the course of these tours, members are generally seen dressed in simple, white, loose-clothing, carrying sleeping bags on their backs.[26] These members use mosques as their base during this travel but particular mosques, due to more frequent tablighi activities, have come to be specifically associated with this organization. These mosques generally hold the periodic, smaller scale convocations for neighborhood members.[7]

During their stay in mosques, these jamaats conduct a daily gasht, which involves visiting local neighborhoods, preferably with the help of a guide.[21] They invite people to attend the Maghrib prayer at their mosque and those who attend are delivered a sermon after the prayers, which essentially outlines the Six Principles. They urge the attendees to spend time in tabligh for self reformation and the propagation of Islam.[35][36]

Generally, the assumed role of these jamaat members cycle in a way that they may be engaged as a preacher, a cook or as a cleaner at other times. Among Tabligh Jamaat members, this is generally referred to as khidmat which essentially connotes to serving their companions and freeing them for tablighi engagements.[26] The members of the Jamaat are assigned these roles based on the day’s mashwara. The markaz keeps records of each jamaat and its members, the identity of whom is verified from their respective mosques. Mosques are used to assist the tablighi activities of individual jamaats that voluntarily undertake preaching missions.[4][22] Members of a jamaat, ideally, pay expenses themselves so as to avoid financial dependence on anyone.[26]

[edit] Ijtema – annual gathering

An annual gathering of followers, called ijtema, is summoned at headquarters of the respective countries. A typical ijtema continues for three days and ends with an exceptionally long prayer.[1] These gatherings are considered moments of intense blessings by Tabligh Jamaat members and are known to attract members in excess of 2 million in some countries.[7] The largest of such annual gatherings are held in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. The Bengali gathering, called Bishwa Ijtema (World Gathering), converges followers from around the world in Tongi near Dhaka, Bangladesh and with an attendance exceeding 3 million people, it is assumed to be the second largest annual Muslim gathering in the world after Hajj.[37][38] The second largest Tabligh Jamaat gathering takes place in Raiwind, Pakistan which was attended by approximately 1.5 million people in 2004.[39]

[edit] Role of women

Women were encouraged to participate since the beginning of the movement. Some scholars objected on the participation of women but Muhammad Ilyas slowly gained their support and the first jamaat of women was formed in Nizamuddin, Dehli.[26] Accompanied by a close male relative, women are encouraged to go out in jamaats and work among other women and family members while following the rules of modesty and seclusion. Jamaats of women sometimes participate in large annual meetings; otherwise, they commonly hold neighborhood meetings. Since South Asian Islamic culture discourages women to go to the mosque and saintly shrines, these venues offer an opportunity for women to pray together and congregate religiously.

In many modern Islamist movements, women have been relegated to a domestic role. Tabligh Jamaat tends to blur the boundaries of gender roles and both genders share a common behavioral model and their commitment to tabligh. The emphasis is on a common nature and responsibilities shared by both genders. Just as men redraw the gender roles when they wash and cook during the course of da’wa tours, women undertake the male responsibility of sustaining the household.[26]

[edit] Controversies

[edit] Abbey Mills Mosque

Main article: Abbey Mills Mosque
 

The new Abbey Mills pumping station, which is adjacent to the proposed site of the Mosque

Tablighi Jamaat gained much media and public attention in Europe, particularly in United Kingdom, when it announced the plans for an 18-acre (73,000 m2) mosque near  Olympic Park in east London. This mosque was to have a capacity in excess of 70,000 people making it the largest religious building in United Kingdom and the largest mosque in Europe. The scope of project raised much criticism and concern among the general public.[4] However, the mosque was downsized in its revised project plans for a capacity of 12000 people.[40]

The plan sparked controversy for various reasons including its initially reported size, the possible chemical contamination risk associated with the site, the uncertainty as to the sources of funding that will be used by Tabligh Jamaat, and alleged links between Tabligh Jamaat and Islamic terrorism.[41][42][43] Mosque officials are engaged in resolving the controversies, as well as countering the perception implied by the term “mega-mosque”.[44] Public response to the mosque and associated controversies has included online petitions, various public talks, debates, speeches, and websites, and even apparent threats against people opposing the mosque.[45] With the expiration of the permit to use the site, and neither a current plan permission nor application for a mosque, the building’s future remains uncertain.[46][47]

[edit] Allegations of terrorism

Although Tabligh Jamaat has claimed a pacific stance since its inception, after the 9/11 attacks in the USA, concerns have risen about its role as a springboard to terrorist organizations. It was cited on the cases of John Walker Lindh,[48] and dozens of the captives the USA holds in extrajudicial detention in its Guantanamo Bay detention camps, in Cuba, had their continued detention justified in part through their alleged association with the Tabligh Jamaat. + A report by International Crisis Group titled Islamist terrorism in the Sahel: Fact or Fiction?” described Tabligh Jamaat as “strictly non-political, and has never been linked directly to violence.” and further explained that no interviewed source could identify an instance where Tabligh Jamaat members broke the law or engaged in specifically political activity in Mali, Niger, Chad and Mauritania.[49] – – A December 2001 article by the Boston Herald cited Indian security concerns branches of the jamaat were related to Al-Qaeda. Yet “shoe-bomber” Richard Reid apparently did not remain with the group because they were not violent enough.[50] It is also alleged extremist members of MULTA, with ties to the Pakistani intelligence agency, passed into Bangladesh under the guise of members of Tabligh Jamaat.[51] “We have a significant presence of Tablighi Jamaat in the United States,” the deputy chief of the FBI’s international terrorism section said in 2003, “and we have found that Al-Qaeda used them for recruiting now and in the past.”[52]

A report by International Crisis Group titled Islamist terrorism in the Sahel: Fact or Fiction?” described Tabligh Jamaat as “strictly non-political, and has never been linked directly to violence.” and further explained that no interviewed source could identify an instance where Tabligh Jamaat members broke the law or engaged in specifically political activity in Mali, Niger, Chad and Mauritania.[49]

Also, some notable people hold opinions contrary to terrorism allegations.

“peaceful and apolitical preaching-to-the-people movement.”[53]
Graham E. Fullera former CIA official and an expert on Islam, (author of The Future of Political Islam)
“completely apolitical and law abiding.”[54]
Olivier Roya prominent authority on Islam at French National Centre for Scientific Research
“an apolitical, quietist movement of internal grassroots missionary renewal”[7]
Barbara D. Metcalf, University of Michigan,  (While comparing its activities to the efforts to reshape individual lives by Alcoholics Anonymous)

[edit] Criticism within Islam

Wiki letter w cropped.svg This section requires expansion.

The major opposition to the Tablighi Jamaat in the Indian subcontinent comes from the Barelvi movement. One of the main criticisms against Tabligh Jamaat are that the men neglect and ignore their families, especially by going out on da’wa tours. Tabligh Jamaat participants, in response, argue that both genders should be equally engaged in Tabligh. They further say that women, like men, are also urged to carry the responsibility to Tabligh and that men should facilitate women’s participation by providing childcare.[26]

Many critics, especially those from Hizb ut-Tahrir and Jamaat-e-Islami, criticize Tabligh Jamaat for their neutral political stance. They say that Islamic forces, during their decisive conflicts with un-Islamic forces, could have gained reinforcement from the Tabligh Jamaat followers. They criticize the Tabligh Jamaat’s neutral attitude towards crucial issues like the introduction of Islamic constitution in Pakistan (1950s), Islam vs Socialism (1969–1971), communal riots in India in 1970s and 1980s, the Khatm-e-Nabuwwat Movement (1974), and Nizam-e-Mustafa Movement (1977).[55] Tabligh Jamaat, in contrary, asserts that it is only by avoiding the political debates that the Tabligh Jamaat has been successful in reawakening the spiritual conscience of the followers. The apolitical stance also helped them operate in the difficult times, such as of Ayub Khan (1960s) and Indira Gandhi (1975–77), when other sociopolitical Islamic groups faced the restrictions.[55]

The difference of opinion regarding political participation also marks the fundamental difference between Tabligh Jamaat and Islamist movements. While the Islamists believe the that the acquisition of political power is the absolute requirement for the establishment of a pristine Islamic society, the Tabligh Jamaat believes that merely the political power is not enough to ensure effective organization of the Islamic social order.[56] The exclusive focus of Tabligh Jamaat’s attention is the individual and it believes the reformation of society and institutions will only be effective if it is through education and reform of individuals. They insist that the nations and social systems exist by the virtue of individuals who form them; therefore, the reform must begin at grassroots with the individuals and not at the higher level of political structure.[57]

[edit] Notable members

Since the Tablighi Jamaat has no membership lists or formal procedures for membership, it is difficult to say with certainty whether a certain person is affiliated with the movement or not.

Notable members include former presidents of Pakistan, Muhammad Rafiq Tarar and Farooq Leghari. Former Prime Minister of Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif lives in the town of Raiwind and has attended Tabligh Jamaat’s activities on occasions. Founder President of Bangladesh Sheikh mujib was strong supporter of tablighi. He gave land near Turag river when he was in power. Former President of Bangladesh Ziaur Rahman has been a supporter and member, and popularized Tabligh Jamaat in Bangladesh.[citation needed]

Former singer and pop star Junaid Jamshed has close links with Tabligh Jamaat, and his departure from professional singing career is attributed to his inclination towards this movement. Famed singers, actors and models, including Attaullah Essa Khailwi,[58] Gulzar Alam,[59] Shahensha Bacha, Alamzeb Mujahid,[60] and stage performers like Javed Kodu, Jawad Waseem and Moin Akhter, are also affiliated with the movement.

Former Lieut. General, and heads of Inter-Services Intelligence, Javed Nasir and General mahmud of the Pakistan Army became a member of Tablighi Jamaat during his service.[61] Tabligh Jamaat also has a notable following among Pakistani professional cricketers Shahid Afridi, Mohammad Yousuf; and the former cricketers Saqlain Mushtaq, Inzamam-ul-Haq, Mushtaq Ahmed, Saeed Anwar, Saleem Malik, Waqar Younis are active members.[62] Mohammad Yousuf’s conversion to Islam is widely attributed to the influence of the Tabligh Jamaat.[63]

[edit] Notes

  1. ^ a b c Khalid Hasan (2006-08-13). “Tableeghi Jamaat: all that you know and don’t”. Daily Times. http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=20068\13\story_13-8-2006_pg3_4. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
  2. ^ a b c Rotar, Igor (June 23, 2007). “Pakistani Islamic Missionary Group Establishes a Strong Presence in Central Asia”. EurasiaNet. http://www.eurasianet.org/departments/insight/articles/eav072307a.shtml. Retrieved 2008-11-20.
  3. ^ http://www.nextag.com/Islamic-Contestations-Essays-On-1231467363/specs-html |Oxford Univ Pr (10/19/2006) ISBN: 019568513X
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Burton, Fred; Scott Stewart (2008-01-23). “Tablighi Jamaat: An Indirect Line to Terrorism”. Stratfor Intelligence. http://www.stratfor.com/weekly/tablighi_jamaat_indirect_line_terrorism. Retrieved 2009-08-10.
  5. ^ Masud 2000, p. xiii
  6. ^ Dominic Kennedy and Hannah Devlin (2006-08-19). ” “Disbelief and shame in a community of divided faith”. The Times (London). http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article613756.ece“. Retrieved 2009-05-08. [dead link]
  7. ^ a b c d e f Barbara, Metcalf. “Traditionalist” Islamic Activism: Deoband, Tablighis, and Talibs”. Social Science Research Council. http://essays.ssrc.org/sept11/essays/metcalf.htm. Retrieved 2010-01-24.
  8. ^ a b c Ayoob 2007, p. 135
  9. ^ Jenkins, Philip (2007). God’s continent (illustrated, annotated ed.). US: Oxford University Press. pp. 340. ISBN 019531395X. http://books.google.com/?id=94rZKHMilp0C&dq=tablighi
  10. ^ “”Tablighi Jamaat does not preach jihad”, says senior Muslim leader”. The Hindu. 2007-07-09. http://mangalorean.com/news.php?newstype=local&newsid=47608. Retrieved 2007-07-09.
  11. ^ a b c Kepel 2004, p. 261
  12. ^ Ballard 1994, p. 64
  13. ^ a b Ballard 1994, p. 65
  14. ^ Agwani, Mohammad Shafi (1986). Islamic Fundamentalism in India 1986. Twenty First Century Indian Society. p. 41
  15. ^ a b c Marty 1994, p. 152
  16. ^ a b Marty 1994, p. 514
  17. ^ Marty 1994, p. 524
  18. ^ Masud 2000, p. 127
  19. ^ a b Norfolk, Andrew (2007-09-10). “Muslim group behind ‘mega-mosque’ seeks to convert all Britain” (ece). London: TimesOnline. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/faith/article2419524.ece. Retrieved 2008-04-07.
  20. ^ Smith, Craig (2005-04-29). “French Islamic group offers rich soil for militancy”. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/04/28/world/europe/28iht-muslim.html. Retrieved 22 February 2010.
  21. ^ a b c d Howenstein, Nicholas; Dr. Eva Borreguero. “Islamist Networks: The Case of Tablighi Jamaat”. http://www.usip.org/resources/islamist-networks-case-tablighi-jamaat. Retrieved 2007-06-14.
  22. ^ a b c d Sameer Arshad (2007-07-22). “Tabligh, or the enigma of revival”. Times of India. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/msid-2223665,prtpage-1.cms. Retrieved 2009-05-02.
  23. ^ Masud 2000, p. xxi
  24. ^ Masud 2000, p. xxii
  25. ^ Marty 1994, p. 515
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i Barbara, Metcalf (February 27, 1996). “Islam and women: The case of the Tablighi Jama`at”. Stanford University. http://www.stanford.edu/group/SHR/5-1/text/metcalf.html. Retrieved 9 January 2010.
  27. ^ Marty 1994, p. 513
  28. ^ Alexiev, Alex (Winter 2005). “Tablighi Jamaat: Jihad’s Stealthy Legions”. Middle East Quarterly. http://www.meforum.org/article/686. Retrieved 2007-02-01.
  29. ^ “Tableeghi Jamaat leaders denounce gunpoint Sharia”. DawnNews. 2009-04-27. http://www.dawn.com/wps/wcm/connect/dawn-content-library/dawn/news/pakistan/12-tableeghi-jamaat-leaders-denounce-gunpoint-sharia–bi-12. Retrieved 2009-04-29.
  30. ^ Marty 1994, p. 154
  31. ^ a b Marty 1994, p. 516
  32. ^ Masud 2000, p. 82
  33. ^ Marty 1994, p. 156
  34. ^ a b Masud 2000, p. 166
  35. ^ Masud 2000, p. 27
  36. ^ Masud 2000, p. 28
  37. ^ Uddin, Sufia M. (2006). Constructing Bangladesh (illustrated ed.). UNC Press. pp. 224. ISBN 0807830216. http://books.google.com/?id=wpS0vjc8atIC&dq=tablighi
  38. ^ “Millions of Muslims gather in Bangladesh”. Reuters, UK. 2007-02-02. http://uk.reuters.com/article/idUKDHA10181920070202. Retrieved 2009-07-31.
  39. ^ “600 couples wedded at Ijtema”. Daily Times. 21 November 2004. http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=story_21-11-2004_pg7_28. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
  40. ^ “Mosque Plans Downsized”. BBC News. 2007-03-27. http://news.bbc.co.uk/player/nol/newsid_6490000/newsid_6499900/6499935.stm?bw=nb&mp=wm&news=1&ms3=6&ms_javascript=true&bbcws=2. Retrieved 2009-08-26.
  41. ^ Blake, Daniel (31 July 2007). “Calls to Close London ‘Mega-Mosque’ Site amid ‘Contamination’ Revelations”. Society. Christian Today. http://www.christiantoday.com/article/calls.to.close.london.megamosque.site.amid.contamination.revelations/11983.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-14.
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Good article

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The False Allegation – The Truth – Clarification

** The False Allegation – The Truth – Clarification **

The false propaganda against and blatant fabrications about our highly
acclaimed and respected Ulama of Deoband by the ignorant must be refuted at
all costs. Numerous pamphlets and booklets have been written distorting the
truth about and writings of our distinguished Ulama. 

Among the most common pamphlets displayed is “Tabliqism – one way ticket to
Hell”. “Are these Islamic Beliefs”: in one column is the ‘Deobandi Tabliqi
Beliefs’ and next to it is the ‘Islamic beliefs’. However, answers to the
allegations have been given in various publications. Therefore, this
publication will attempt to print all the false allegations and the correct
views.

The False Allegation
Rashid Ahmed Gangohi, a founder of Deobandi Movement has the following
beliefs:
1. The Almighty Allah can speak a lie. (Fataawa Rashidiyya part 1 pg. 20)
2. Allah has already spoken a lie (Taqseedul Qadeer pg. 79).

The Truth
The view of Hadhrat Moulana Rashid Ahmad Gangohi Saheb is that Allah is far
above and pure from being attributed with falsehood. There is no blemish of
falsehood in His words at all for Allah says, ‘Who is more truthful than
Allah in speech.’ He who believes that Allah speaks a lie is an accursed
outright Kaafir and opposed to the Qurãn and Sunnah. (Fataawa Rashidiyya
part 1 pg. 3)

Clarification (I)
Fataawa Rashidiyya pg. 84: ‘From servant Rashid Ahmed Gangohi, after Salaam
Masnoon, you have inquired concerning the Masalah ‘Imkaane Kizb’
(possibility of falsehood). But ‘Imkaane Kizb’ in the sense that Allah Taãla
has the power to act contrary to what He has ordered, but will not to do
with His Free Will, is the belief of this servant. The Qurãn Shareef and the
Sahih Ahaadith bear testimony to this belief, and this is the belief of all
the Ulama of the Ummah too. For example, Firáwn is promised to be thrown
into Hell, but Allah Taãla has the power to enter him into paradise,
although He will never give him paradise. And this is the Masalah under
discussion at the moment. This is the belief of all my friends. The enemies
must have related it differently. Referring to this Power and the
non-occurrence of it is termed ‘Imkaane Zaati’ and ‘Mumtana bi Ghayr’ Was
salaam Rashid Ahmad Gangohi.

Look, how they lay waiting with vicious, malicious attempts to defame this
noble personality. If it is not slander then what is it?

To distort the above mentioned Masalah and refer it to Hadhrat Moulana
Rashid Ahmad Gangohi Saheb is totally evil and wrong. It is a slander and
slander is worse than back-biting,

Clarification (II)
Fataawa Rashidiyya pg. 90: ‘That person who believes or utters with the
tongue concerning Allah Taãla that “He spoke a lie”, is positively a Kaafir,
an accursed and opposed to the Qurãn, Hadith and the unanimity of the Ummah.
He is definitely not a Mu’min. Taãlallaahu ammaa yaqoolu dhaalimoona oluwwan
kabeeraa. (Allah is far above from what the transgressors are saying).’

The misrepresenter, besides being involved with misrepresentation, has
earned the wrath of Allah. Let the Hadith of the Master of the Green Dome
once again ring in his ears. ‘A person does not target another with impiety
or a person does not target another with Kufr, but it returns to the former
if the latter is not guilty of it.’ (Bukhari)

Taqdeesul Qadeer is not compiled by the Ulama of Deoband. In fact there is
no such Kitaab by this name.

False Allegation
The Prophet (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) is not the only Rahmatullil
Aalameen. (Fataawa Rashidiyya part 2 pg. 19)

The Truth
The view of Hadhrat Moulana Rashid Ahmad Gangohi is that: ”One should know
that the attribute of being Omnipresent is the quality of Allah Taãla alone,
like All-Knowing, Creator of the Skies and Earths and so forth. Therefore to
attribute this quality of being Omnipresent to someone else, though it be a
‘Nabi’, ‘Wali’, or Saint, is to ascribe Partners to Allah in His Qualities,
which is termed as ‘Shirk-fis-Sifaat.”

Clarification
The word ‘Rahmatullil Aalameen’ is not a characteristic only of Rasulullah
(Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam). In fact other Awliyaa, Ambiyaa and
Ulamaa-e-Rabbaniyyeena are also a means of mercy unto the world, although
Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) is the highest of them all.
Therefore, if it is used for others with ‘Taaweel’ (by elucidation) it is
permissible.’ (Fataawa Rashidiyya pg. 96/97)

False Allegation
To lecture on or discuss the Shahaadat of Hadhrat Imaam Hussayn
(Radhiallaahu Ánhu) is Haraam even if the stories are true. (Fataawa
Rashidiyya part 3 pg. 113)

Clarification
The incident of the martyrdom of Hadhrat Hussayn (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) who
sacrificed his life for the sake of Truth, is surely very important. But the
method adopted, like beating the chest, tearing the garment, pulling the
hair, slapping the face, shouting slogans of ‘Yaa Hussayn, Yaa Hussayn’ and
taking out processions to parade in the streets, is what Hadhrat Moulana has
stopped and said is Haraam.’

The reason for stopping this is that Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi
Wasallam) has forbidden the slapping of faces and the tearing of garments.

Therefore to lecture on or discuss the Shahaadat of Hadhrat Hussayn in the
abovementioned fashion, with that type of pomp and show, is forbidden in the
light of the Hadith. (Fataawa Rashidiyya pg. 104/105)

False Allegation
In the month of Muharram, providing free water and feeding people with milk
or Sharbat is Haraam. (Fataawa Rashidiyya part 3 pg. 113)

Clarification
To feed the poor and needy and to distribute water free to quench their
thirst as ‘Isaale Sawaab’ is no sin. Neither did Moulana Rashid Ahmad
Gangohi nor anyone else say it is Haraam.

The Barelvis belief is this, that on the plains of Karbala the martyrs
sacrificed their life in thirst. Therefore, the water that is given here as
a drink, reaches them.

It is common sense, that this water does not reach them, nor are they in
need of it. They are in Jannat. If the whole idea is to convey the reward
(Isaale Sawaab), the whole year is available for that. No question arises
then whether to make ‘Isaale Sawaab’ or not. The practice mentioned above
similitudes the practices of the Rawaafidh; therefore it is Haraam.’
(Fataawa Rashidiyya pg. 147/148)

False Allegation
Ashraf Ali Thanvi, a founder member of Deoband says: ‘The Holy Prophet
(Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) has an education like that of children,
lunatics and animals of every category.’ (Hifzul Imaan pg. 7)

The Truth
The view of Hadhrat Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi is that: Hadhrat Moulana was
asked, ‘Did you in Hifzul Imaan or any other book write anything directly or
indirectly comparing the education of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi
Wasallam) to that of children, lunatics and animals? If not then what is
your ruling regarding a person who holds such a belief?’
In reply to that Moulana states, ‘Let alone writing such falsehood and
filth, my heart had never even perceived such falsehood and verily if anyone
holds such a belief he is out of the fold of Islam.’ (Faisal-e-Khusoomat pg.
21)

Clarification
Hadhrat Hakimul Ummah, Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (author of the famous
‘Bahishti Zewar’) did not write the abovementioned statement in Hifzul
Imaan. Nor is it his belief. It is a slander on the said Moulana. In fact
Hadhrat Moulana has stated clearly in ‘Hifzul Imaan’ that, ‘Knowledge with
regard to the Excellence of Prophethood has been bestowed totally upon Rasul
(Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) (Hifzul Imaan pg. 12)

False Allegation
Prophets are not free from sins. (Tasfiyatul Aqaaid pg. 24 – Cassim Nanotwi,
a founder of Deoband)

Clarification
The topic under discussion in ‘Tasfiyatul Aqaaid’ was this: It was mentioned
in the Hadith, in Shaf’at that on the plain of resurrection people will
gather with great fear, perturbed and disturbed. They will go to Hadhrat
Aadam (Álayhis salaam) and request him to intercede on their behalf in front
of Allah Taãla. Hadhrat Aadam (Álayhis salaam) will refuse and say that it
is beyond his influence, because of the incident that he ate from the tree
of Jannah which was forbidden to him. Hadhrat Aadam (Álayhis salaam) will
say, ‘Today Allah’s wrath is so great that His anger was never great before
and will never be so great after’ (though Allah Taãla has forgiven him). He
will advise them to go to Hadhrat Nuh (Álayhis salaam). In this way people
will flock to the other Ambiyaa (Álayhimus salaam). Each one will be fearful
and reluctant, for some reason or the other to intercede on behalf of man.
At the end when the people will come to Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi
Wasallam), Rasul (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) will say, ‘Very well, I will
intercede on your behalf. I will take permission from my Sustainer and He
will grant me that permission.’

Hadhrat Moulana wrote that, which was mentioned in the Hadith and not that,
‘Prophets (Álayhimus salaam) are not free from sins,’ as mentioned in the
said leaflet.

False Allegation
Shaytaan has more education than our Prophet (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam).
(Barahine Qatia pg. 51 – Khalil Ahmad Ambhetwi)

Truth
We strongly believe and openly claim that Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi
Wasallam) was given more knowledge than the entire creation of Allah and it
is our belief that whosoever says that anyone has more knowledge than
Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) then such a person is a Kaafir. Our
great Úlama have already given a Fatwa of Kufr upon a person who says
Shaytaan has more knowledge than Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam)
then how could I ever have written such a thing. (Al Muhnad Allal Mufannad
Q&A 18-19)

Clarification
It is totally incorrect. This sentence is not written anywhere in ‘Baraahine
Qaati’ah’, that ‘Shaytaan has more knowledge than Rasulullah (Sallallaahu
Álayhi Wasallam).’

Moulana Khalil Ahmad (RA) was asked whether he wrote such a statement or
not? He replied, ‘I did not write such a statement anywhere. It is an open
slander on me. On the day of Qiyaamat account will be taken with Ahmad Raza
Khan.’

False Allegation
To read Alhamdu Fateha before eating food is Bidat (Fataawa Rashidiyya part
2 pg. 150)

Clarification
In order to establish anything in Islam, it is necessary that it be verified
in the light of the Shariáh. Unless it is not proven by the Shariáh, it
cannot be regarded as Deen. Yes, one may call it a matter of convenience.
For example, the use of an electric fan, motor vehicle, etc. The moment a
person wants to make it part and parcel of Deen, immediately it will need
verification from the Shariáh, whether it be Meelaad, Fateha, Giyaarwi, Urs,
Dua-e-Thani, Dua immediately after Janaaza prayer or any other ritual for
that matter. And on failing to be verified, it will be regarded as Bidat –
innovation. The wickedness of being involved in Bidat is that the Sunnats
are automatically left out. As darkness spreads, light vanishes.

To read Al-Hamd, Fateha before eating food is not verified and proven in the
Shariáh, therefore, it is a Bidat.

Regarding Bidat, Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) has decreed:
1. “He who innovates something in this matter of ours that is not of it will
have it rejected.” (Bukhari)
2. “Beware of newly-invented matters! For every invented matter is an
innovation and every innovation is leading astray and every leading astray
is in Hell-Fire.” (Abu Dawud; Tirmidhi)

The ‘Masnoon’ Duas read by Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) before
meals and after meals, should surely be read. Hadhrat Moulana Rashid Ahmed
Gangohi (RA) did not stop anyone from this.

False Allegation
We cannot make Nikah with any person who takes part in Urs, etc. (Fataawa
Rashidiya part 2 pg. 142)

Truth
Moulana Rashid Ahmed says in Fataawa Rashidiya, “Taking part in Urs is not
an act of Kufr therefore Nikah with a person who takes part in Urs is
valid.”

Clarification
Those who go to the Urs and make Sajdah (prostrate) to the graves, pray for
boon or ask for a favour from the inmates of the graves, and make Tawaaf of
the graves; to solemnise marriages with them will inculcate these Shirk
practices in them and others as well. Therefore, unless they don’t make
Tawbah and refrain from such Shirk practices, Nikah is not allowed until
then.

False Allegation
Giyaarwi Shareef is Haraam and Kufr, even if Qur’an is read. (Fataawa
Rashidiyya part 1 pg. 95)

Clarification
Anything in the name of ‘Ghayrullah’ (someone other than Allah), whether it
be Giyarwi Shareef’ or ‘Baarwi’, is Haraam. This Masalah is found in Shaami,
Tahtaawi, Bahrur Raaiq and in many other Kitaabs.

On the other hand, Esaale Sawaab is permissible. No one prohibited Esaale
Sawaab provided it is done without specifications of time, place and
invitation. But look at the beliefs of these people. They have this belief
that the distribution of sustenance is entrusted to Peerane Peer (RA). If
the Giyaarwi is held back, he will stop the food.

False Allegation
It is Sawaab to eat crows (Fataawa Rashidiyya part 2 pg. 130)

Clarification:
Crows are of three types: The first type is that which feeds only on grain.
It is exactly like a wild pigeon. It is Halaal according to all Jurists. The
second type is that which only feeds on excreta, and prey on other animals.
It is exactly like a vulture. It is Haraam according to all Jurists. The
third type is that which feeds on grain, eats excreta and it catches and
eats mice as well. It is like an uncaged fowl, which feeds on grain, worms
and even on mice.

Hadhrat Moulana wrote concerning this third type of crow that it is not
Haraam. This Masalah of the crow is found in Hidaaya, Durre Mukhtaar,
Fataawa Aalamghiri, as well as the other ‘Kitaabs’ of Fiqh (Jurisprudence).

Therefore, should anyone not eat a crow or a fowl for the rest of his life,
there is no criticism and blame on him according to the Shariáh. Yes, if he
takes it to be Haraam then he will be answerable. Thus whosoever takes it to
be Haraam, in order to correct his belief it is a ‘Sawaab’ and reward to eat
it.’ (Fataawa Rashidiyya pg. 492 Rahimia print)

False Allegation
Almighty Allah Taãla is not always ‘all knowing’. He finds out whenever
necessary. (Taqwiyatul Eemaan pg. 26).

Clarification
This is an open Calumny and a False Accusation. This sentence is not written
at all in ‘Tawiyatul Eemaan’ that ‘Allah Taãla is not always “all knowing”.
He finds out when necessary.

False Allegation
The Prophet (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) will die and become sand one day.
(Taqwiyatul Imaan pg. 69)

Truth
The view of Hadhrat Moulana Rashid Ahmed Saheb is that: The meaning of the
(phrase) ‘to lie on sand’ has two meanings. The one is to become soil, the
other is the body touches the sand. The latter meaning is meant, and the
Moulana (author of Taqwiyatul Imaan) also believes that the bodies of the
Anbiyaa (Álayhimus salaam) do not turn to dust. Because a deceased is buried
in a grave and he is surrounded with soil all over, his body together with
the ‘Kafn’ touches the sand beneath him is called ‘Mitti me milnaa’ – to lie
on sand. Hence, there is no point of objection. (Fataawa Rashidiyya pg.s
83/84)

Clarification
In Taqwiyatul Imaan, a Hadith is mentioned in which a Sahaabi (Radhiallaahu
Ánhu) told Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) that the people of other
places bow out of respect to their Rulers; whereas Rasulullah (Sallallaahu
Álayhi Wasallam) is more worthy of being bowed to. At this, Rasulullah
(Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said, ‘Look if you happen to pass by my grave,
will you bow to it?’ The Sahaabi (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) said ‘No, I will not do
so.’ On this, Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said, ‘So do not bow
to me …’ (A Sajdah Taazimi is also forbidden).

Commentary: ‘I will also die one day and lie on sand (buried); therefore am
I worthy to be prostated to?’ This phrase ‘Mitti me milne waalaa hoo – I
will lie on sand’ (meaning to be buried one day), became the bone of
contention for the Barelvis.

False Allegation
To think of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) in Salaat is worse than
thinking of cows and donkeys. (Siraate Mustaqeem pg. 150)

Clarification
The abovementioned statement is not found anywhere in ‘Siraate Mustaqeem’
that, ‘To think of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) in Salaat is
worse than thinking of cows and donkeys.’

That which was written in ‘Sarfe Himmat’. This is terminology used by the
Sufis in Tasawwuf (the spiritual field). ‘Sarfe Himmat’ in ‘Tasawwuf’ means
that a person’s meditation over a thing becomes so overpowering and
predominant that no other thoughts penetrate into the mind and soul. Like a
mirror, if a person does not want any person’s reflection to come into it,
he covers it with a black cloth and thus no reflection will appear. To
contemplate over a figure so that no other thing is contemplated is called
‘Sarfe Himmat’.

This has been forbidden in Salaat, that besides Allah, ‘Sarfe Himmat’ should
not be done towards anyone. Salaat should purely and solely be for Allah
alone. If ‘Sarfe Himmat’ is done towards Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi
Wasallam), then the entire Salaat and Ibaadat will be for him.

On the other hand, if any thoughts of cows, donkeys, business, etc. come to
mind, or a person gets drowned in these thoughts whilst in Salaat, it is
regrettable. There is no fear of it being worshipped. In fact the person
regrets that in the course of an esteem Ibaadat like Salaat, he should have
such thoughts, Astaghfirullah.

The Kitaab, ‘Siraate Mustaqeem’ is based on ‘Tasawwuf’. The objector is not
versed in Tasawwuf’. Therefore, he has translated ‘Sarfe Himmat’ to mean a
mere thought.

What comes to mind is this; that the Objector presents a picture of a Grade
One child, learning to read and write ABC and wishing to interpret the
writings of Shakespeare.

Moreover, it is stated in the Hadith that Salaat should be performed with
full attention. Therefore, when the name of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi
Wasallam) is recited in ‘Tashahhud’ the thought of the Rasul (Sallallaahu
Álayhi Wasallam) will come and should come. The Salaat will not be rendered
incorrect and this is not unlawful at all. The respected Moulana did not
stop anyone from this.

The End

After reading your fatawa on the Salafis could you please answer the following question? Was Maulana Rashid Ahmed Ghangohi a Wahabbi and what are your views on him? As he issued the following fatwa:

Question: Who are the Wahabis and what was the belief of Abdul Wahab al-Najdi? What was his madhab and what type of person was he? What is the difference in belief between the people of Najd and Sunni Hanafi?

Answer: The followers of Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahab are called “Wahabis” and they had good ( umdah) beliefs and their school of thought was Hanbali. Although his attitude was very extravagant (shidatt) he and his followers were good people. But, yes, those who exceeded the limits were overcome by roguishness (fassad). And their basic belief are all united, the difference they have is in actions is (like that) of Shafi’i, Hanafi, Maaliki and Hanbali?

Central-Mosque Admin: The Fatwas referred to in the question are as follows:
a) Have Salafees taken over the Islamic World?
b) Are Salafees Considered Sinful?

In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,

Shaykh Mawlana Rashid Ahmad al-Gangohi (Allah have mercy on him) was a great scholar of recent times in the Indian Subcontinent. He was a Muhaddith (scholar of Hadith), faqih ( jurist), Mufassir (exegete), Sufi and a follower of the Hanafi School of Sunni Islamic law and the Matrudi Aqidah. He was an avid follower of the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah ( Allah bless him & give him peace) and immensely engrossed in his love (Allah bless him & give him peace).

He spent all his life studying, teaching and benefiting thousands of thirsty students of sacred knowledge. There was no one like him in his time in piety, knowledge, chastity and being steadfast on religion.

His teachers include Shaykh Mamluk al-Ali al-Nanotwi, Mufti Sadr al-Din al-Dehlawi, Shaykh Abd al-Ghani al-Dehlawi and others (Allah have mercy on them all). He took allegiance (bay’ a) with the great Shaykh of Tasawwuf, Haji Imdad Allah al-Makki in the Chishtiyya spiritual order.

In the latter years of his life, he began teaching all the six books of Hadith (kutub al- Sittah) himself in one year with chains of transmission (isnad) going back to their authors. When he lost his eyesight, he stopped teaching and concentrated more on spiritually reforming his disciples (murids) in a manner that adhered to the teachings of the Qur’an and Sunnah.

He students number many, who themselves went on to become great scholars of their time. Scholars such as: Shaykh Khalil Ahmad al-Saharanfuri (author of the renowned commentary of Sunan Abu Dawud in 20 volumes, Bazl al-Majhud), Shaykh al-Hind Mahmud Hasan, Shaykh Abd al- Rahim Raifuri, Shaykh Yahya al-Kandahlawi, Imam Anwar Shah al-Kashmiri (Allah have mercy on them all) and many others were privileged to have studied by him.

His works include: Imdad al-Suluk, Tasfiyat al-Qulub (both in the science of Tasawwuf), Zubdat al-Manasic (rules pertaining to the ritual of Hajj), Sabil al-Rashad and Hidayat al- Shi’a (in refutation of Shi’as). His Fatawa were collected and compiled in a book known as Fatawa Rashidiyya, regarding which you have also asked.

He passed away to the mercy of Allah on Friday after the Jumu’ah Adhan in 1323 A.H. May Allah Almighty sanctify his secret and shower him with mercy and His pleasure, Ameen. (See: al-I’lam bi man fi tarikh al-hind min al-A’lam, 3/1229, Dar Ibn Hazm, Beirut print)

The above clearly demonstrates that Shaykh Rashid Ahmad al-Gangohi was a great scholar of traditional Sunni Islam, follower of the Matrudi Aqidah and the Hanafi School of Islamic law. He was in no way a follower of Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab al-Najdi and was not in any way from those who reject the four Schools of Sunni Islamic law and condone Taqlid.

As far as what you have quoted from his Fatawa regarding Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab al- Najdi, it is true indeed. He answers two questions with regards to him. Below is the translation of each of the two questions and their answers:

“Question: What kind of a person was (Muhammad ibn) Abd al-Wahhab al-Najdi?”

“Answer: People call Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab a Wahhabi. He was a good person, and I have heard that he was a follower of the Hanbali School of Islamic law and acted upon the Hadith. He used to prevent people from Shirk and innovation (bid’a), but he was harsh (shadid) in his attitude.”

“Question: Who are the Wahhabis and what was the belief of Abd al-Wahhab al-Najdi? What was his Madhhab and what type of person was he? What is the difference in belief between the people of Najd and Sunni Hanafis?”

“Answer: The followers of Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab are called Wahhabis. They had good ( umdah) beliefs and their school of thought was Hanbali. However, they were very stringent in their attitude but he and his followers were good people. But, yes, those who exceeded the limits were overcome by wrongness (fasad). And basic beliefs of everyone are united. The difference they have in actions is (like that) of Hanafi, Shafi’i, Maliki and Hanbali.” ( Fatawa Rashidiyya, P. 241-242)

The above is what the respected Shaykh wrote about Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab al-Najdi and his followers. However, one must understand the background of the Shaykh’s statements.

The great Faqih of recent times in the Indian Subcontinent, Shaykh Mufti Mahmud al-Hasan al -Gangohi (Allah have mercy on him) who passed away in 1994 A.D, the grand Mufti of India whose Fatawa are gathered and compiled in 17 volumes discusses the reason behind Shaykh Rashid Ahmad (Allah have mercy on him) mentioning this in his Fatawa.

Note that, these two scholars are two different people and not related to one another, though they both have the same last name, namely Gangohi, which is an attribution to a village known as Gangoh in India. Shaykh Rashid Ahmad (Allah have mercy on him) was the great grand-teacher of the more recent Mufti Mahmud al-Hasan (Allah have mercy on him), hence the latter holds the former in great regard and respect. This humble writer was also privileged to have received Ijazah in Hadith from Mufti Mahmud al-Hasan al-Gangohi.

Nevertheless, Mufti Mahmud al-Hasan al-Gangohi (Allah have mercy on him) states in his Fatawa that, Shaykh Rashid Ahmad (Allah have mercy on him) was initially unaware of Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab al-Najdi’s position, because al-Najdi was initially known in the Subcontinent as a reformer of Sunnah, and the one who strived greatly in rejecting Bid’a and establishing the Sunnah. As such, the respected Shaykh also said what he had heard, for a Muslim should always hold good opinions about other Muslims until it is proven otherwise.

Thereafter, the respected Shaykh’s mentor and teacher sent him the copy of Radd al-Muhtar wherein Allama Ibn Abidin (Allah have mercy on him) clearly refuted Muhammad ibn Abd al- Wahhab. Allama Ibn Abidin states:

“…As it has occurred in our times with the followers of Abd al-Wahhab al-Najdi, who appeared from Najd and imposed their control over the two sacred Harams. They used to attribute themselves to the Hanbali School but they believed that only they were Muslims and that who ever opposed their beliefs were polytheists (mushrik), thus theyconsidered the killing of those who were from the Ahl al-Sunnah and their scholars to be legitimate, until Allah Most High destroyed their might and power.” (Radd al-Muhtar, 3/339-340, chapter regarding the followers of Abd al-Wahhab, the Khawarij of our times)

Mufti Mahmud al-Hasan states that had Shaykh Rashid Ahmad read what Allama Ibn Abidin stated in his Radd al-Muhtar regarding the Wahhabis, he would surely not have stated what he had in his Fatawa.

He states that this does not in any way demean the status and rank of Shaykh Mawlana Rashid Ahmad al-Gangohi, for he had said what he had heard. He did not have knowledge of the unseen, thus he cannot be blamed. Allama Ibn Abidin (Allah have mercy on him) was geographically closer to Najd, thus he was aware at first hand of what Shaykh Rashid Ahmad, who was living in India, was unaware of. (See: Fatawa Mahmudiyya, 13/411-412)

I would like to add here that this is clearly the case when we look at Shaykh Rashid Ahmad’s first Fatwa wherein he states “I have heard that he was a follower of the Hanbali School…..” stipulating that his information was purely based on what he had heard. This was not a matter of Fiqh or Shariah as such in which he needed to investigate, and anyway, a Muslim should always have good opinion (husn al-Zann) about fellow Muslims until the contrary is proven.

Moreover, the students of Shaykh Rashid Ahmad al-Gangohi (Allah have mercy on them all) clearly refuted the ideologies and actions of the Najdis. Shaykh Khalil Ahmad al-Saharanfuri (Allah have mercy on him), a student of theShaykh, stated in his renowned al-Muhannad ala al-Mufannad that he and his teachers hold the same view as Allama Ibn Abidin regarding Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab al-Najdi and his followers. This was agreed upon and signed by almost all of the major scholars of the Indian subcontinent.

Finally before parting, I would like to say that I dislike the idea of dwelling over people ’s personalities. Unfortunately, many of us are involved in debating about those who have passed away to the mercy of Allah; hence we have become negligent with actions (a’mal) and preparing one’s self for the hereafter. We will not be asked on the day of Judgment as to what opinion we held about such and such person, but what we will be questioned regarding is our own actions.

“That was a people that have passed away. They shall reap the fruit of what they did, and you of what you do! Of their actions there is no question in your case.” (Surah al-Baqarah, V. 134)

Therefore, do not dwell too much into personalities and names; rather, exceed them to conduct and deeds. Unfortunately, many Muslims argue and debate about these petty issues and leave the important aspects of Deen. Today, Muslims are being attacked in all fields by the enemies of Islam, yet here we are busy fighting amongst ourselves. Thus, we need to leave these issues to one side and concentrate on the things that unite us. May Allah Almighty bless this Ummah with unity, Ameen.

I was reluctant to answer this question and write on this subject, for there were far more important questions that needed answering. However, due to this question being posed repeatedly, I had no choice but to compile an answer. But we must remember that this is not something we need to dwell into, thus the matter is closed here, and I will not be answering any more questions on this topic. .

And Allah knows best

Muhammad ibn Adam
Darul Iftaa
Leicester , UK.

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Barelvi Razakhani Aaqaid

BARELVI RAZAKHANI  AAQAID

1. AHMED RAZA KHAN BRELWIO KA KHUDA

YE DUA HAI YE DUA HAI YE DUA
TERA AUR SUB KA KHUDA AHMED RAZA

BOOK:-NAGHMATA-AR-ROOH,PAGE#43,TABA’AT:HIND

2. AIK SAHAB JO ALLAH SE 2 SAAL CHOTE HAI

HAZRAT ABU HASAN KHEZQAANI NE FARMAAYA HAI K MAI SUBAH SAWAREE ALLAH TAALA NE MERE SATH KHUSHTI KEE AUR HAME PACHAAR DEEYA(YANEE K NEECHE GEERA DEEYA) AUR YE BHI FARMAAYA K KHANE WALA AUR SONE WALA MUKHTALIF CHEEZEIN HAI AUR YE BHI FARMAAYA HAI MAI APNE RAB SE 2 SAAL CHOOTA HOUN

BOOK:-FAWAIDE FAREEDEEYA ,PAGE#78.TABA’AT:-DERA GHAZI KHAN

3. ALLAH JHOOT BOOL SAKTA HAI

ALLAH NE KHABAR DEE K FALHA BAAT HOGEE YA NAHEE HOGEE AB OS KA KHEELAAF MUMKIN HAI YA MAHAAL TO MUMKIN HAI NAHEE AUR MAHAAL BIZ ZAAT TO HOO NAHEE SAKTA K NAFS ZAAT MAI EMKAAN HAI TO MAHAAL BILGHAIR HOGA.AB WO GHAIR KYA HAI JIS K SABAB SE YE MAHAAL HAI WO KIZBE ELAHI HAI(YANEE KHUDA K KALAAM MAI JHOOT KA EMKAAN HO SAKTA HAI)

BOOK:-MALFOOZAAT-E-MOLVI AHMED RAZA KHAN BRELWI JILD#4,PAGE#22-23

4. ALLAH KO LAAT MANA’AT KEHNA JAIZ HAI

BRELIWIO KA AQEEDA HAI K ALLAH KO LAAT MANAAT KEHNA JAIZ HAI ES MAI KOI HARJ NAHEE AUR HUR MUSALMAAN JANTA HAI K LAAT MANAAT MUSHREEKEENE MAKKA K BUTO K NAAM HAI JAISE MOLVI MOHMMAD YAAR GADE WALE BRELWI KA SHEIR MULAHEEZA HO

HEWO DILBAR DEI BANDAAR DUR DEI EHAA ZAAT SAFAAT
BULBUL HAA SE GUL THEEYA SE ALLAH LAAT MAANAAT

BOOK:-DEEWANE MUHAMMADI(SAW) PAGE#232

5. ALLAH KI SHAADI

HAZRAT MOOSA SAHAG MASHOOR BUZURG GUZRE HAIN ….MAIN IN KI ZYARAT SE MUSAHRAF HOWA HOON.ZANANA WAZAH RAKHTE THAY .AIK BAT SHADEED KEHAT PARA.BADSSHAH KAZI WA AKABIR JAMA HOKAR HAZRAT KE PAS DUA KE LIYE GAE APP IN KAR FARMATE RAHE KE KYA MAIN DUA KE KABIL HOON.JAB LOGOON KI ILATAJA HAD SE GUZAR GAI TO AIK PATHAR UTHAYA AUR DOOSRI HATH KI CHORION KI TARAF LAE AUR ASMAN KI TARAF MOON UTHA KAR FARMAYA .MEEN(RAIN)YA APNA SUHAG WAPIS LIGIEN .SUHAGAN BIWI KA YEH KAHNA THA KE GHATEIN PHAR KI TARAH UBREEN AUR JAL THAL HO GAI.

BOOK:-MALFOOZAT AHMED RAZA BARELVI VOL 2 OG NO 94 PRINTED BY MADINA PUBLISHING KARACHI)
http://library.faizaneattar.net/Urdu/Islamic_Books/02/03/Pages.htm?59
http://library.faizaneattar.net/Urdu/Islamic_Books/02/03/Pages.htm?60

6. ALLAH HAZIR NAZIR NAHEE HAI

MOLVI AHMED YAAR GUJRATI BRELWI LEKHTE HAI

(a) .KHUDA KO HAR JAGAH MAI (MOJOOD) MANNA BE DEENI HAI

BOOK:-JA-UL-HAQ PAGE#122

(b) HAR JAGAH MAI HAZIR NAZIR HONA KHUDA KI SEFAT HARGIZ NAHEE

BOOK:-JA-UL-HAQ PAGE#161

7. ALAA HAZRAT NE BOHOT LOOGO KO KAFIR BANANYA HAI

19VE CENTUREY KEY AALA HAZRAT,AHMED RAZA KHAN NE JITNEY LOGHO KO MUSALMAN SE KAFFIR BANAYA HAI,SHAYED HE KISI NE UTNEY LOGHO KO KAFFIR SE MUSALMAN BANAYA HOGA

BOOK:-TAJLIYAT-E-ANWAR-UL-MOUHEEN,PG#37

8. BRELWIO K NAZDEEK ARIF KI PEHCHAAN

MOLVI MEHMOOD PELANWEE BRELWI LEKHTE HAI

AARIF KI PEHCHAAN ON K NAZDEEK YE HAI K WO AURTO K ENDAAM-E- MAKHSOOS KO ZEER-E-NAZR RAKHTA HO

BOOK:-NAJMUR REHMAN PAGE#104

9. BRELWIO KA NAZARYA KHATM-E-NABOOWAT

HOZOOR(SAW) KO SOHBAT MAI SUB LOOG NABI HO SAKTE THE QAREEB THA K YE UMMAT SAREE KI SAREE NABI HO JAIE

BOOK:-FATWA-E-AFRIQA PAGE#132

10. NABOOWAT KI SHURUWAAT DARASAL ABDUL QADIR JILANI(SO CALLED GHAUSE AZAM OF BRELWI) SE HONEE CHAHYE 

ANJAAM DEI AGHAAZE RESAALAT BASHAD
EINAK GOHUM TABEI ABDUL QADIR

BOOK:-HADAIQ BAKSHISH JILD#2 PAGE#172,MOLVI AHMED RAZA KHAN

YANEE NABOOWAT KA AGHAAZ NAIE SEERE SE HOTA TO ABDUL QADIR JEELAANI K BAD HEE HOTA

11. HUZOOR(SAW) K BAAD AGAR KOI NABI HOTA TO WO KAUN HOTA?

HAZRAT KHAUJA MUHAMMAD SULEIMAAN TONSVI NE FARMAAYA HAI K AAP(SAW) K BAAD KISI KO NABOOWAT MIL SAKTEE TO QAZI MUHAMMAD AQIL KO MILTEE

BOOK:-MAQABEELE SUL MAJLIS PAGE#70

AB MERA SAWAAL SUNNIO KA AQEEDA HAI K RASOOL(SAW) K BAAD SIRF UMAR HEE NABOOWAT KI AHLEYAT RAKHTE THE MAGAR YE KAUN SE NAYEE SHAKSIAT(QAZI MUHAMMAD AQIL) AGAYE YANEE BRELWI BHI UMAR KI ES FAZEELAT K QAIL NAHEE

12. NABOOWAT KA SILSILA AGAR CHALTA REHTA TO KIS PAR NABOOWAT KHATAM HOTEE

AGAR NABOOWAT KHATAM NAHEE HOTEE TO HAZRAT GHAUSE PAAK NABI HOTE

BOOK:-ERFAANE SHARIAT JID#3 PAGE#83

YE WAHEE GHAUSE PAK(NAJIS) HAI JINHO NE BIBI AYESHA KA DOODH PEEYA THA(BAQAUL SUNNI REEWAAYAAT)

13. AHMED RAZA KHAN NE ALLAH SE DIRECT TALEEM HASIL KAREE

BRELWIO AK AQEEDA HAI K MOVI AHMED RAZA KHAN BHI ALLAH K SHAGIRD HAI AUR ALLAH NE BARAH-E-RAAST(DIRECT) AAL HAZRAT KO TALEEM DEE HAI K (MOULANA AHMED RAZA KHAN) BRELWI TALMEEZ UR REHMAN THE ONHO NE KISI SE SHARFE TALAMMUZ HASIL NAHEE KEEYA(YANEE KISI ENSAAN SE ELM HASIL NAHEE KEEYA)

BOOK:-HAYAATE AHMED RAZA KHAN BRELWI PAGE#152

14. HAQEEQI MUSHRIK KAUN???

HAQEEQI MUSHRIK KHUDA JALLE SHANA HAI

BOOK:-FAWAIDE FAREEDIA PAGE#82,TABA’AT:-DERA GAZI KHAN

15. HAWA KA ALLAH K HUKUM KO NA MANNA

AALA HAZRAT BRELWI NE FARMAAYA

RABBE AZZO JUL NE (GHAZWE AHZAAB) RASOOL(SAW) KI MADAD KARNI CHAHEE AUR SHUMAALI HAWA KO HOKUM DEEYA K JA MERE HABEEB KI MADAD FARMA AUR KAFEERO KO NEEST O NABOOD KARDE HAWA NE ENKAAR KAR DEEYA

BOOK:-MALFOOZAAT-E-AHMED RAZA KHAN BRELWI JILD#4,PAGE#93

16. HAZRAT MUHAMMAD(SAWW) AUR PEER FAREED KO KHUDA KA RUTBA DENA

MOLVI YAAR MUHAMMAD BRELWI GAREE WALA KEHTA HAI K MUHAMMAD(SAW) AUR PEER FAREED DONO KHUDA HAI(NAZONBILLAH)
SHAIR MUALAHEEZA HO

FAREED BA SAFA HASTI
MUHAMMAD MUSTAFA(SAW) HASTI
CHEHA GOYUM CHEHA HASTI
KHUDA HASTI KHUDA HASTI

BOOK:- DEEWANE MUHAMMADI PAGE#191

17. PEER FAREED KO HAZRAT ESSA(AS) SE AFZAL KARAAR DENA

LAKHOUN JALAIE AAP NE THOKAR K ZOOR SE
OTTHA NAHEE MASEEH(AS) SE MARA FAREED KA

BOOK:-DEEWANE MUHAMMADI PAGE#124,MOLVI MUHAMMAD YAAR GADE WALE

YANEE JO TAQAT FAREED MAI HAI WO HAZRAT ESSA(AS) MAI NAHEE

18. HAZRAT ESSA APNI TABLEEGAAT MAI NAKAMYAAB RAHE

DOOBARA WAHEE BHEJA JAATA HAI JO PEHLI DAAFA NA KAMYAAB RAHEIN EMTEEHAAN MAI DOBAARA WAHEE LOOG BULAIE JAATE HAI JO FAIL HOUN HAZRAT MASEEH(AS) PEHLI AAMAD MAI NA KAMYAAB RAHE AUR YAHOOD K DUR K MARE KAAM-E-TABLEEG-E-REESALAT ANJAAM NA DEI SAKE ES LIYE ON KA DOOBARA AANA TALAAFE MA FAAT HAI

BOOK:-JAAMEUL FATWA AL MAROOF ANWAAR USH SHARIAT JILD#2 PAGE#138

19. HUZOOR(SAWW) KO DHEKNE SE TAMAAM AHLE EMAAN KAFIR HOGAIE

HAZRAT MUHAMMAD(SAW) K NOOR KO DHEKNE SE TAMAAM EMAAMN WALE KAAFIR HO GAIE.KISI KO ESKI KHABAR NAHEE

BOOK:-FAWAIDE RIZWIA PAGE#80

20. BELWI NAZARYA K KRISHAN HAR JAGAH MUJOOD HAI

MOLVI AHMED RAZA KHAN BRELWI LEKHTE HAI K KRISHAN HAR JAGAH MOJOOD THA

SHIEKH NE FARMAYA KRISHAN KEHANYA KAFIR THA AUR AIK WAQT MAI KAIE 100 JAGAH MOJOOD HO GAYA

BOOK:-MALFOOZAAT AHMED RAZA KHAN BRELWI JILD#1 PAGE#28
AUR YE BHI LEKHTE HAI
KRISHAN K KAFIR BOOD CHUND SADAR JA HAZIR MEE SHAWAD

BOOK:- AHKAME SHARIAT JILD#2 PAGE193

21. MARDE KAMIL KI PEHCHAAN

WO MARDE KAMIL HAR OS HAMAL KA MUTELLA HOTA HAI JO ABHI TAK MAA KA PAIT MAI HOTA HAI (YANEE) K KISI AURAT KO HAMAL KARAAR NAHEE PATA MAGAR WOO SE JANTA AUR DHEKTA HIA

BOOK:-NAJMUR REHAMN PAGE#104,MOOLVI MEHMOOD PELAANWI BRELWI

22. RASOOL(SAWW) KO APNI AKHEERAT KA ELM NAHEE THA

60 SAAL TAK HAZRAT(SAW) KO APNI NEEJATE AKHIR KA ELM NAHEE THA

REESALA:-WA MA ADRI PAGE#6 MOSADDEQA MOLVI ABUL HASANAAT WA ABUL BARAAKAAT BRELWI


ALLAH K SEWA RASOOL(SAW) KO KHUDA KEHNA

KHUDA KARNA HOTA JO THAKTE MASHEEYAT
KHUDA HO K AATA YE BADA KHUDA KA

BOOK:-MALFOOZATE AHMED RAZA KHAN JILD#2 PAGE#48

YANEE HAZRAT MUHAMMAD (SAW) KO KUDA KA DARJA DENA

23. KYA RASOOL(SAWW) KI YE SHAAN HAI BRELWIO K NAZDEEK

QUL INNAMA ANA BASHRUN MESLIKUM(QURANI AYAAT) “AE MEHBOOB!FARMADO K TUM JAISA BASHR HOUN NAIZ ES AYAT MAI KUFFAR SE KHATAAB HAI KYUN K HAR CHEEZ APNE GHAIR JINS SE NAFRAT KARTI HAI LEHAAZA FARMAAYA GAYA K AE KUFFAAR TUM MUJH SE GHABRAO NAHEE MAI TUMHAREE JINS SE HOUN YANEE BASHER HOUN SHEEKAARI JANWARO KISI AWAAZ NEEKAAL KAR SHEEKAAR KARTA HOUN

BOOK:-JA UL HAQ PAGE#175,176

24. AAL HAZRAT SAHABA SE AFZAL THEE BRELWI AQEEDA

(AALA HAZRAT AHMED RAZA KHAN BELWI KA) ZOHOD O TAQWE KA YE AALM THA K MAIN E BAAZ MASHAHIK KARAAM KO YE KEHTE HOIE SUNA HAI K EN KO DHEK KAR SAHABA KI ZEEYARAT KA SHAUQ KUM HO GAYA

BOOK:-WASAAYA SHAREEF PAGE#24 TABA’AT:-HIND

AALA HAZRAT QIBLA SAHABA K ZOHOD O TAQWE KA MUKAMMAL NAMUNA AURA ATAM HAI

BOOK:-WASAAYA SHAREEF PAGE#33 TABA’AT:-HIND

25. BRELWIO K SAYYADUL ANBIA KAUN???

SAYYADUL ANBIA WA RAEES UL FUZLA—– MANZAIR E AHLE SUNNAT HAZRAT NASIR UL ISLAM WUL MUSLIMEEN SULTANA UL MANAZEEREEN MAZHAR AAN HAZRAT SHIAR O BEESHA WA AHLE SUNNAT MOULNA MOLVI MUFTI HAFIZ QAREE OBAID UR REZA MUHAMMAD HASHAMAT ALI KHAN SAHIB QIBLA QADRI BARKAATI MUDDE ZILHUM AQDUS

BOOK:-ALFAQHEE AMRITSAR PAGE#8,14;7 JULY 1945

YE DARASAL AIK AALIM KO EN ALQAAB SE KHEETAAB KEEYA JA RAHA HAI

26. SHEITAAN APNI AWAAZ RASOOL(SAWW) JASIE NEEKAAL SAKTE HAI

SHEITAAN APNI AWAAZ RASOOL(SAW) KI AWAAZ SE MUSHABE KAR SAKTA HAI

BOOK:-MUWAEEZE NAEEMIA JILD#2 PAGE#142

27. SHEITAAN SE BRELIW AQEEDAT

SHIETAAN LOOGO SE SHIRK KARATA HAI KHUD KABHEE BUT APRASTI AY SHIRK NAHEE KAR SAKTA WO BADA MUWAHHID HAI AISA MUWAHHID K OS NE KHUDA K HUKUM SE ADAM(AS) KO SAJDA TAHAYYA NA KEEYA

BOOK:-TAFSEER-EL-NOOR-UL-ERFAAN PAGE #411,MOLVI AHMED YAAR GUJRATI

28. BRELWIO K NAZDEEK SHEITAAN AUR RASOOL(SAWW) BARBAR HAI

DUR MAZHAB-E-ASHEEQAN YAK RUNG
EBLEES O MUHAMMAD AST HUM RUNG

BOOK:-TAKEERA-E-GHOUSIA PAGE#255,TABA’AT:-GANJ SHAKER ACADEMY LAHORE

YANEE EBLEESE LAEEN AUR MUHMMAD(SAW) HUM SUNG O HUM WAZAN HAI(YANEE K ELM O MARTABE MAI BARABAR HAI)

29. 3 Khdao Par Yaqeen Rakhne Wala Bhi Musalmaan Hai

TEEN KUDA MANNEY SE MUSALMAN MUSHRIK NAIN BANTA.BALKEY TAB BE MUSALMAAN REHTA HAY.

Book:-FATAWA-E-RIZWIA,VOL.1,P.NO:P 738,MATBOA AWAL HIND

30. AALA HAZRAT NE KABHI BHI SHARIAT KI PASDAARI NAHEE KAREE

SOMETIMES HE UTTERED WORDS THAT WERE NOT WORTHY OF A COMMON MAN, MUCH LESS OF A MAN TO WHOM LEARNING AND LEADERSHIP HAVE BEEN ATTRIBUTED. THIS HABIT WAS SO MUCH DEEP ROTTED IN HIM THAT HIS FRIENDS AND ADVOCATES OF HIS BELIEFS AND THOUGHTS WERE FORCED TO SAY, ‘HE WAS HARD HEADED AND CALLOUS TO HIS OPPONENTS. HE DID NOT TAKE ANY CARE REQUIRED BY THE SHARIA’

BOOK:-HAYAT ALA HAZRAT, P.211

31. AALA HAZRAT AUR ANGHEEROZO KI KHIDMAT

MAIN ANGREEZ KA KUD KASHTA POUDA HOON

BOOK:-TABLIGH-O-RISALAT,VOL.8,PAGE NO 19


MERI UMER KA AKSAR HISA SALTANNAT-E- ANGREZI KI TAHID WA HIMAYAT MAIN GUZRA HAI AUR MAIN NEY MAMANAT-E-JAHAD AUR ANGREEZI ITAAT KE BARE MAIN ISS QADER KITABAIN LIKHI HAIN AUR ISHTEHARAAT SHAYA KIYE HAIN KEY AGAR WOH RASAIL AUR KITABHE IKHATTI KI JAIY TO PACHAS ALMARIYAN IN SE BAR SAKTI HAIN.

BOOK:-TARYAK_UL_QULUB PAGE NO: 25

cont …

MAIN APNEY KAAM KO NA MAKKA MAIN ACHI TARHA CHALA SAKTA HOON NA MADINEY MAIN NA ROOM MAIN NA IRAN MAIN NA KABUL MAIN MAGAR ISS GOVERNMENT MAIN JIS KEY IQBAL KEY LIYE DUA KARTA HOON

Book:-TABLIGH-O-RISALAT,VOL.6,PAGE NO: 69


BALKEY IS GOVERNMENT KEY HUM PAR ISS QADER EHSANAT HAIN KEY AGAR HUM YAHAN SEE NIKAL JAIY TO NA HAMARA MAKKA MAIN GUZARA HO SAKTA HAI….. AUR NA HI QUSTUNTUNIYA MAIN……. TO PHIR KIS TARHA HO SAKTA HAI KEY HUM IS KEY BAR-E-KHILAFAT KOI KHYAAL APNEY DIL MAIN RAKHEY.

Book:-MALFUZAT-E-AHMEDIYA,VOL.1,PAGE NO:146

AUR MAIN YAKIN RAKHTA HOON KEY JESSEY JESSEY MERE MUREED BARHEY GAIN…..WAISEY WAISEY MASLA JIHAD KEY MUTAAKAD KAM HOTEY JAIN GAIN….KIYON KEY MUJYE MASEEH AUR MEHDI MAN LENA HE MASLA JIHAD KA INKAR HAI.

Book:-ZAMIMA SHADAT-UL-QURAN,PAGE NO:17

cont …


HUKUMAT-E-BARTANIA MUSLAMANAN-E-HINDUSTAN KE WASTAY REHMAT-E-KHUDA WANDI KI HAISIAT RAKHTI HAI.AIS HUKUMAT NE YAHAN KE TAMAM FIRKOUN MAIN AMAN PAIDA KAR KE IN PER AHSAN-E-AZIM KIYA HAI.LAEHAZA IS KE KHILAF JANG-O-KITAL KIS TARAHA JAHIZ HO SAKTA HAI.

Book:-TALKHIZ RISALA-TAL-AMARAAT WAL JIHAD

32. MUSLIM LEAGUE K KHEELAAF AALA HAZRAT KA FATWA DENA

MUSLIM LEAGUE MAIN MURTADEEN SHAMIL HAIN IS KI HIMAYAT KARNA,AUR IS MAIN CHANDA DEHNA,IS KA MEMBER BANNA,IS KI ISHAT-O-TABLIGH KARNA MUNAFIQEEN-O-MURTADEEN KI JAMAT KO FOROGH DENA AUR DEEN-E-ISLAM SE DUSHMANI KARNA HAI.

BOOK:-AL JAWABAT-AL-SANEYA,ALA ZAHA,AL SAWALAT-AL-LAHYEGIYA,P.NO 32,ALLAMA ABUL BARKAT

33. BRELWIO KA FATWA QUAID–E–AZAM K KHEELAAF

(a) MR. M ALI JINNAH BUD MAZHAB HAIN.BAD MAZHAB SARAY JAHAN SE BADTER HAI.JAANWAROON SE BE BADTER HAI.DOZAKHYON KE KUTOON SE BADTER HAIN.KIYA KOI SACHA IMANDAR MUSALMAN KISI KUTAY AUR WOH BE DOZAQI KUTAY KO APNA QUAID BANANA PASAND KARYE GA.?
Book:-MUSLIM LEAGUE KI ZARYI BAKHYA DARYI,P.NO 119

(b) AGER IN DO KUFFER PER IKTAFADA KARTA TU M.ALI JINNAH KI KHUSUSIAT HE KIYA REHTI.LEHAZA WOH APNI SPEECH AUR LECTURES MAIN NAI NAI KUFFERIYAT BAKTA REHTA THA.

Book:-TAJANIB-E-AHLEL SUNNAHTH,P.NO 122

(c) MR.JINNNAH APNE AQAIED-O-KUFFERIYAT KI BINA PER KAFFIR AUR KHARIJO-UL-ISLAM HAIN.

Book:-TAJANIB-E-AHLEL SUNNAHTH,P.NO 122

(d) AGER RAHAFZI KI TAREEF HALAAL AUR JINNAH KO IS KA AHL SAMAJ KAR KARTA HAI TU WOH MURTEED HAI AUR IS KI BIVI IS KE NIKKAH SE NIKAL GAYI.

Book:-AL JAWABAT-AL-SANEYA,ALALA ZAHA,AL SAWALAT-AL-LAHYEGIYA,P.NO 32,ALAMA ABUL BARKAT

34. PEER JAMAL ALI SHAH HAZRAT YUSUF(AS) SE AFZAL

KHADIM HAI TERE JITNE SARE HASEEN JAWA K
YUSUF(AS) SE TUJH PAR QURBAAN SHEEREIN BAQAAL WALE]

Book:-anwar ali poor page#1

YANEE PEER JAMAT ALI SHAH(JIN KI SHAAN MAI YE SHAIR HAI) HAZRAT YUSUF(AS) SE HUSUN AUR JAAMAL MAI AFZAL HAI AUR TAMAAM HUSNO JAMAAL RAKHNE WALE JAMAAT ALI SHAH PAR QURBAAN

35. BRELWI AUR RASOOL(SAW) KI EZZAT

JIBRAEL(AS) KAL KISI WAQT HAZRI KA WAADA KAR K CHALE GAIE DOSRE DIN ENTEEZAAR RAHA MAGAR JIBRAEL HAZIR NA HOIE SARKAR(SAW) BAHAR TASHREEF LAIE MULAHEEZA FARMAAYA K JIBRAEL(AS) DARE DOOLAT PAR HAZIR HAI FARMAAYA KYUN!!!!
(JIBRAEL NE) ARZ KEEYA “REHMAT K FARSHTE OS GHAR MAI NAHEE AATE JSI AI KUTTA HO YA TASWEER HO.” HUZOOR(SAW) ANDAAR TASHREEF LAIE SUB TARAF TALAASH KEEYA KUCH AN THA PALANG K NEECHE AIK KUTTE KA PILLA NIKLA OSE NEEKALA TO (JIBRAEEL) HAZIR HOIE
BOOK:-MALFOOZATE AHMED RAZA KHAN JILD#3 PAGE#7

36. HAZRAT YAQOOB(AS) K SARE BETE NABI HAI AUR NABI KA MASOOM HONA LAZMI NAHEE

HAZRAT YAQOOB(AS) K SARE FARZUND NABI THE AUR NABI KA NABOOWAT SE PEHLE MASOOM ONA ZAROORI NAHEE

BOOK:-TAFSEER NOOR UL IRFAN PAGE#162

37. MAZARAAT PAR LARKION KA CHARHAWA AUR BRELWI

HAZRAT SYEDI ABDUL WAHAB AKABIR AULIA MAIN SE HAIN .HAZRAT SYEDI AHMED BADWI KABEER KE MAZAR PAR BOHUT BARA MELA AUR HUJUM HOTA TAH .IS MAJME MAIN CHALE ATAY THAY ,AIK TAJIR KI KANEEZ PAR NIGAH PARHI NIGAH FOURAN PHER LI KE HADEES NAIN IRSHAD HOWA
AN NAZAR AULA LAKA SANIYA ALAIK
PAHLIO NAZAR TERE LIYE AUR DOSRI NAZAR TUJH PAR YANI PAHLI NAZAR KA KUCH GUNAH NAHI DOSRI NAZAR KA MUWAKHZA HOGA ,KHAIR NIGAH TO APP NE PHER LI ,MAGAR WO APP KO PASAND AYI ,JAB MAZAR SHAREEF PAR HAZIR HOWE IRSHAD FARMAYA ABDUL WAHAB WO KANEEZ PASAND HAI ,ARZ KI HAAN APNE SHEIKH SE KOI BAT NAHI CHUPANA NAHI CHAIE IRSHAD FARMAYA ACHA HUM NE TUM KO WO KANEEZ HIBA KI ,AB APP SAKOOT MAIN HAIN KE KANEEZ TO IS TAJIR KI HAI AUR HUZOOR HIBA FARMATE HAIN,MAHAN WO TAJIR HAIZR HOWA ,AUR IS NE KANEEZ MAZAR-E-AQDAS KI NAZAR KI ,KHADIM KO ISHARA HOWA UNHOON NE APP KI NAZAR KARDI ,IRSHAD FARMAYA ABDUL WAHAB AB DAIR KAHE KI ,FALAN HUJRA MAIN LE JAOW AUR APNI HAJAT PURI KARO .

BOOK:-MALFOOZAT AALA HAZRAT JILD#3 PG#32

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Celebrating Valentine’s Day

Praise be to Allaah, the Lord of the Worlds, and blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his family and companions.

Allaah has chosen for us Islam as our religion and He will not accept any other religion from anyone, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers [Aal ‘Imraan 3:85]

And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told us that groups of his ummah would follow the enemies of Allaah in some of their rituals and customs, as it says in the hadeeth of Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (may Allaah be pleased with him), who narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “You will certainly follow the ways of those who came before you, span by span, cubit by cubit, until even if they were to enter a lizard’s hole, you would follow them.” We said, “O Messenger of Allaah, (do you mean) the Jews and Christians?” He said, “Who else?!”

(Narrated by al-Bukhaari in al-I’tisaam bi’l-Kitaab wa’l-Sunnah, Baab Qawl al-Nabi (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) La tattabi’unna Sanan man kaana qablakum, 8/151; and by Muslim in Kitaab al-‘Ilm, Baab Ittibaa’ Sanan al-Yahood wa’l-Nasaara, 4/2054)

What the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) spoke of has indeed come to pass and has become widespread in recent times, in many of the Muslim countries. Many of the Muslims follow the enemies of Allaah in many of their customs and ways of behaving, and imitate them in some of their rituals and in celebrating their holidays.

The matter has been made even worse by the opening up of mass communications between peoples, whereby the rituals and customs of the kuffaar are now transmitted with the glamorous adornment of sound and image from their countries into the Muslim countries, via satellite TV and the World Wide Web (Internet). Many Muslims have been deceived by their glamour.

In recent years, a new phenomenon has spread among the Muslim youth – males and females alike – which does not bode well. This is manifested in their imitation of the Christians in their celebration of the Valentine’s Day, which has led the scholars and daa’iyahs to explain the rulings of sharee’ah concerning that, out of sincerity towards Allaah, His Messenger, the leaders of the Muslims and their common folk, so that Muslims may have a clear understanding of this issue and so that they will not fall into that which will undermine the belief (‘aqeedah) with which Allaah has blessed them.

This is a brief discussion of the origins, development and purpose of this holiday, and what the Muslim should do with regard to it.

The story of the Festival of Love (Valentine’s Day)

The Festival of Love was one of the festivals of the pagan Romans, when paganism was the prevalent religion of the Romans more than seventeen centuries ago. In the pagan Roman concept, it was an expression of  “spiritual love”.

There were myths associated with this pagan festival of the Romans, which persisted with their Christian heirs. Among the most famous of these myths was the Roman belief that Romulus, the founder of Rome, was suckled one day by a she-wolf, which gave him strength and wisdom.

The Romans used to celebrate this event in mid-February each year with a big festival. One of the rituals of this festival was the sacrifice of a dog and a goat. Two strong and muscular youths would daub the blood of the dog and goat onto their bodies, then they would wash the blood away with milk. After that there would be a great parade, with these two youths at its head, which would go about the streets. The two youths would have pieces of leather with which they would hit everyone who crossed their path. The Roman women would welcome these blows, because they believed that they could prevent or cure infertility.

The connection between Saint Valentine and this festival

Saint Valentine is a name which is given to two of the ancient “martyrs” of the Christian Church. It was said that there were two of them, or that there was only one, who died in Rome as the result of the persecution of the Gothic leader Claudius, c. 296 CE. In 350 CE, a church was built in Rome on the site of the place where he died, to perpetuate his memory.

When the Romans embraced Christianity, they continued to celebrate the Feast of Love mentioned above, but they changed it from the pagan concept of “spiritual love” to another concept known as the “martyrs of love”, represented by Saint Valentine who had advocated love and peace, for which cause he was martyred, according to their claims. It was also called the Feast of Lovers, and Saint Valentine was considered to be the patron saint of lovers.

One of their false beliefs connected with this festival was that the names of girls who had reached marriageable age would be written on small rolls of paper and placed in a dish on a table. Then the young men who wanted to get married would be called, and each of them would pick a piece of paper. He would put himself at the service of the girl whose name he had drawn for one year, so that they could find out about one another. Then they would get married, or they would repeat the same process again on the day of the festival in the following year.

The Christian clergy reacted against this tradition, which they considered to have a corrupting influence on the morals of young men and women. It was abolished in Italy, where it had been well-known, then it was revived in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, when in some western countries there appeared shops which sold small books called “Valentine’s books”, which contained love poems, from which the one who wanted to send a greeting to his sweetheart could choose. They also contained suggestions for writing love letters.

It was also said concerning the origins of this holiday that when the Romans became Christian, after Christianity had become widespread, the Roman emperor Claudius II decreed in the third century CE that soldiers should not get married, because marriage would distract them from the wars they used to fight. This decree was opposed by Saint Valentine, who started to perform marriages for the soldiers in secret. When the emperor found out about that, he threw him in jail and sentenced him to execution. In prison, he (Saint Valentine) fell in love with the jailer’s daughter, but this was a secret because according to Christian laws, priests and monks were forbidden to marry or fall in love. But he is still regarded highly by the Christians because of his steadfastness in adhering to Christianity when the emperor offered to pardon him if he forsook Christianity and worshipped the Roman gods; then he would be one of his closest confidantes and he would make him his son-in-law. But Valentine refused this offer and preferred Christianity, so he was executed on 14 February 270 CE, on the eve of February 15, the festival of Lupercalis. So this day was named for this saint.

In The Story of Civilization, it says that the Church devised a calendar in which every day was designated as the feast day of one of the saints. In England, Saint Valentine’s Day was to come at the end of winter. When that day came, according to them, the birds mated enthusiastically in the forests, and the young men would put flowers on the windowsills of the homes of the girls whom they loved. (The Story of Civilization by Will Durant, 15/23)

The Pope designated the day of the death of Saint Valentine, February 14, 270 CE, as a festival of love. Who is the Pope? He is the “the archbishop, the supreme pontiff of the universal church, the successor of Saint Peter.” Look at this “archbishop” and how he prescribed for them the observance of this festival which was an innovation in their religion. This reminds us of what Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“They (Jews and Christians) took their rabbis and their monks to be their lords besides Allaah (by obeying them in things which they made lawful or unlawful according to their own desires without being ordered by Allaah)…”[al-Tawbah 9:31]

It was narrated that ‘Adiy ibn Haatim said: “I came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) wearing a gold cross around my neck. He said, ‘O ‘Adiy, cast aside this idol.’ And I heard him reciting from Soorat Baraa’ah [al-Tawbah] (interpretation of the meaning): ‘They (Jews and Christians) took their rabbis and their monks to be their lords besides Allaah.’ He said: ‘They do not worship them, but when they permit them something they accept it as permitted, and when they forbid them something they accept it as forbidden.’” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi and it is a hasan hadeeth).

Among the most important symbols of this holiday:

1 – Expressing joy and happiness on this occasion, as on their other major festivals.

2 – Exchanging red roses, which are an expression of love, the “spiritual love” of the pagans or the “love” of the Christians. Hence it is known to them as the Feast of Lovers.

3 – The sending of greetings cards. On some of these cards are pictures of “Cupid”, who appears as a child with two wings, carrying a bow and arrows. This was the god of love of the pagan Romans – exalted be Allaah far above their fabrications and their association of others with Him.

4 – Exchange of words of love and desire in the greetings cards which they send to one another, in verse, prose and short phrases. Some of the cards contain comical pictures and funny words, and they often contain the phrase “be my Valentine”. This represents the Christian concept of this festival after it was taken from the pagan concept.

5 – In many western countries, parties are held during the day and in the evening, where there is mixing of men and women, and dancing. Many of them send gifts such as roses and boxes of chocolates to their wives, friends and those whom they love.

Anyone who looks at what is said above about the myths surrounding this pagan festival will clearly understand the following:

Firstly:

That its origins lie in the pagan beliefs of the Romans, where it was an expression of the spiritual love of the idols which they used to worship instead of Allaah. Whoever celebrates it is celebrating an occasion of shirk on which the idols are venerated. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Verily, whosoever sets up partners (in worship) with Allaah, then Allaah has forbidden Paradise to him, and the Fire will be his abode. And for the Zaalimoon (polytheists and wrongdoers) there are no helpers”[al-Maa’idah 5:72]

Secondly:

That the development of this festival among the Romans was connected to myths and legends which no sound mind can accept, let alone the mind of the Muslim who believes in Allaah and His Messengers (peace be upon them). Can anyone of sound mind believe that a she-wolf suckled the founder of the city of Rome and gave him strength and wisdom. Moreover, these myths go against the belief (‘aqeedah) of the Muslim because the One Who bestows strength and wisdom is the Creator, may He be glorified and exalted, not the milk of a she-wolf! The same applies to the myth that their idols could protect them from evil or keep wolves away from their flocks.

Thirdly:

Among the ugly rituals of the Romans on this day was the sacrifice of a dog and a goat, the daubing of their blood onto two youths then washing the blood off with milk, etc… This is something that would cause revulsion in anyone of a sound nature, and it is unacceptable to the sound mind.

Fourthly:

The connection between Saint Valentine and this festival has been questioned by many sources, and it considered to be far from definite. It would have been better for the Christians to reject this pagan festival in which they imitated the pagans. So how about us Muslims, who are commanded to be different from the Christians and the pagans before them?

Fifthly: this festival was denounced by the Christian clergy in Italy, the bastion of Catholicism, because it was spreading bad attitudes and having an adverse effect on the minds of young men and women. So it is better for the Muslims to reject it, warn others against it and to fulfil their duty towards it of enjoining what is good and forbidding what is evil.

Someone may ask: why do we Muslims not celebrate this festival?

This question may be answered in several ways:

1.     In Islam, the festivals are clearly defined and well established, and no additions or subtractions may be accepted. They are an essential part of our worship and there is no room for ijtihaad or personal opinion. They have been prescribed for us by Allaah and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

“Festivals are part of the laws, clear way and religious ceremonies of which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

‘To each among you, We have prescribed a law and a clear way[al-Maa’idah 5:48]

‘For every nation We have ordained religious ceremonies which they must follow’[al-Hajj 22:67]

like the qiblah (direction faced in prayer), prayer and fasting. So there is no difference between joining them in their festival and joining them in their other rituals. Agreeing with the whole festival is agreeing with kufr. Agreeing with some of their minor issues is the same as agreeing with them in some of the branches of kufr. Festivals are the most distinctive things by which religions are told apart, so whoever celebrates their festivals is agreeing with the most distinctive rituals of kufr. Undoubtedly going along with them in their festivals may in some cases lead to kufr. Dabbling in these things, at the very least, is a sin. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) referred to the fact that every nation has its own festivals when he said: ‘Every nation has its own Eid and this is our Eid’ (al-Bukhaari , 952, Muslim, 1892).” (al-Iqtidaa’, 1/471-472)

Because Valentine’s Day goes back to Roman times, not Islamic times, this means that it is something which belongs exclusively to the Christians, not to Islam, and the Muslims have no share and no part in it. If every nation has its own festivals, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said – “Every nation has its Eid” (narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim) – then this means that every nation should be distinguished by its festivals. If the Christians have a festival and the Jews have a festival, which belongs exclusively to them, then no Muslim should join in with them, just as he does not share their religion or their direction of prayer.

2.     Celebrating Valentine’s Day means resembling or imitating the pagan Romans, then the Christian People of the Book in their imitation of the Romans in something that was not a part of their religion. If it is not allowed to imitate the Christians in things that really are part of their religion – but not part of our religion – then how about things which they have innovated in their religion in imitation of idol-worshippers?!

Imitating the kuffaar in general –whether they are idol-worshippers or People of the Book – is haraam, whether that imitation is of their worship – which is the most serious form – or of their customs and behaviour. This is indicated by the Qur’aan, Sunnah and ijmaa’ (scholarly consensus):

(i)                From the Qur’aan: Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And be not as those who divided and differed among themselves after the clear proofs had come to them. It is they for whom there is an awful torment”[Aal ‘Imraan 3:105]

(ii)              From the Sunnah: the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

“Whoever imitates a people is one of them.” (narrated by Ahmad, 2/50; Abu Dawood, 4021)

Shaykh al-Islam (Ibn Taymiyah) said: “This hadeeth at the very least indicates that it is haraam to imitate them, although the apparent meaning implies that the one who imitates them is a kaafir, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): ‘And if any amongst you takes them (as Awliyaa’ [friends and helpers]), then surely, he is one of them’ [al-Maa’idah 5:51].” (al-Iqtidaa’, 2/722-725)

(iii)            With regard to ijmaa’, Ibn Taymiyan narrated that there was agreement that it is haraam to imitate the kuffaar in their festivals at the time of the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them), and Ibn al-Qayyim narrated that there was scholarly consensus on this point. (See al-Iqtidaa’, 1/454; Ahkaam Ahl al-Dhimmah, 2/722-725)

Allaah has forbidden imitation of the kuffaar; He has described it as hateful and has warned against the consequences of that, in many aayahs, on many occasions, and in various ways, especially imitation of the kuffaar. Sometimes He does that by forbidding following them or obeying them; sometimes by warning against them or being deceived by their plots, following their opinions, or being influenced by their actions, conduct or attitude. Sometimes He does that by mentioning some of their characteristics that will put the believers off from them and from imitating them. Most of the warnings in the Qur’aan refer to the Jews and hypocrites (munaafiqeen), then the People of the Book in general and the mushrikeen. Allaah tells us in the Qur’aan that imitating and obeying the kuffaar may constitute riddah (apostasy). Allaah also forbids following them, obeying them, or following their whims and desires and bad characteristics.

Prohibition of imitating the kuffaar is one of the basic principles of sharee’ah. Allaah sent His Messenger with guidance and the true religion so that it might prevail over all other religions, and Allaah has perfected His religion for mankind:

“This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion”[al-Maa’idah 5:3 – interpretation of the meaning].

Allaah has made Islam cover all (human) interests at all times and in all places and for all people. So there is no need to adopt the ways of the kuffaar or imitate them.

Imitation causes defects in the Muslim personality, such as feelings of inadequacy, inferiority, weakness and defeatism, then it leads to shunning and keeping away from the path and laws of Allaah. Experience has shown that admiration for the kuffaar and imitation of them causes people to love them, have complete faith in them and take them as friends and helpers, and to reject Islam and its people, its heroes, its legacy and values, and become ignorant of all of that.

3.     The purpose of Valentine’s Day in these times is to spread love between all people, believers and disbelievers alike. Undoubtedly it is haraam to love the kaafirs. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“You (O Muhammad) will not find any people who believe in Allaah and the Last Day, making friendship with those who oppose Allaah and His Messenger (Muhammad), even though they were their fathers or their sons or their brothers or their kindred (people)…”[al-Mujaadilah 58:22]

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “Allaah tells us that there is no believer who takes a kaafir as a close friend. Whoever takes a kaafir as a close friend is not a believer. Outward imitation may be taken as a sign of love, so it is haraam.” (al-Iqtidaa’, 1/490).

4.     The love referred to in this festival ever since the Christians revived it is romantic love outside the framework of marriage. The result of that is the spread of zinaa (fornication and adultery) and immorality. Hence the Christian clergy opposed it at some stage and abolished it, then it came back again.

Most of the young people celebrate it because it lets them fulfil their desires, without thinking of the issues of imitation and resembling that are involved. Look at this tragedy, where they go so far as to commit major sins such as zinaa and the like, by imitating the Christians in something which is part of their worship and which may even be kufr.

Some people may wonder, and say, you mean to deprive us of love, but in this day and age we express our feelings and emotions – what is so wrong with that?

We say:

Firstly:

It is a mistake to confuse what they call the day with what the real intentions are behind it. The love referred to on this day is romantic love, taking mistresses and lovers, boyfriends and girlfriends. It is known to be a day of promiscuity and sex for them, with no restraints or restrictions… They are not talking of pure love between a man and his wife or a woman and her husband, or at least they do not distinguish between the legitimate love in the relationship between husband and wife, and the forbidden love of mistresses and lovers. This festival for them is a means for everyone to express love.

Secondly:

Expression of feelings and emotions is not a justification for the Muslim to allocate a day for celebration based on his own thoughts and ideas, and to call it a festival, or make it like a festival or Eid. So how about when it is one of the festivals of the kuffaar?

In Islam, a husband loves his wife throughout the year, and he expresses that love towards her with gifts, in verse and in prose, in letters and in other ways, throughout the years – not just on one day of the year.

Thirdly:

There is no religion which encourages its followers to love and care for one another more than Islam does. This applies at all times and in all circumstances, not just on one particular day. Indeed, Islam encourages us to express our emotions and love at all times, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If a man loves his brother, let him tell him that he loves him.” (narrated by Abu Dawood, 5124; al-Tirmidhi, 2329; it is saheeh).

And he said: “By the One in Whose hand is my soul, you will not enter Paradise until you truly believe, and you will not truly believe until you love one another.  Shall I not tell you of something that, if you do it, you will love one another? Spread (the greeting of) salaam amongst yourselves.” (Narrated by Muslim, 54)

Fourthly:

Love in Islam is more general and more comprehensive; it is not restricted only to one kind of love, that between a man and a woman. There are many more kinds of love. There is the love of Allaah, love of His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and his companions (may Allaah be pleased with them), love for good and righteous people, love and support for the religion, love of martyrdom for the sake of Allaah. There are many kinds of love. It is a dangerous mistake to restrict this broad meaning to this one kind of love.

Fifthly:

What these people think, that love before marriage is a good thing, is wrong, as has been proven in studies and by real-life experience. In a study conducted by the University of Cairo, on what they called “love marriage” and “traditional marriage”, the following was stated:

In marriages which came after a love story, 88% of cases ended in failure, i.e., the success rate was not more than 12%. But in cases of what the study calls traditional marriage, 70% were successful. In other words, the success rate in marriages described as traditional was six times more than those described as “love marriages”. (Risaalah ila Mu’minah, p. 255).

Now let us look at the state of affairs in western societies where Valentine’s Day is celebrated, and ask, what is the state of marriage relationships in those societies, and do these celebrations have any positive effect on interactions between husbands and wives?

Their own studies and statistics show the following:

1-     In an American study done in 1407 AH/1987 CE, it states that 79% of men beat their womenfolk, especially if they are married…! (al-Qabas newspaper, 15/2/1988).

2-     A study carried out by the National American Office for Mental Health states the following:

–         17% of women who go to emergency rooms are victims of beatings by their husbands or boyfriends.

–         83% of those who have previously been admitted to hospital at least once for treatment of injuries, were admitted as a result of beating.

The study added that there are more women who do not go to hospital for treatment, but deal with their injuries at home.

3-     In a report of the Central American Agency for Examination [FPT] it states that every 18 seconds there is a woman who is beaten by her husband somewhere in America.

4-     American Time magazine stated that around 4,000 wives out of approximately 6 million who are beaten die as a result of that beating.

5-     In a German study it said that no less that 100,000 women annually are exposed to acts of physical or psychological abuse on the part of their husbands or the men they live with. The real figure may exceed one million.

6-     In France, approximately 2 million women face beatings.

7-     In Britain, in an opinion poll in which 7,000 women took part, 28% of them said that they had been subjected to attacks by their husbands and boyfriends.

So how can we believe that Valentine’s Day is of any benefit to married couples? The truth is that it is a call for more permissiveness and immorality, and the forming of forbidden relationships.

The husband who sincerely loves his wife does not need this holiday to remind him of his love. He expresses his love for his wife at all times and on all occasions.

The Muslim’s attitude towards Valentine’s Day

From the above discussion, the Muslim’s attitude towards this holiday should be clear:

(1)     He should not celebrate it, or join others in their celebrations of it, or attend their celebrations, because of the evidence quoted above which shows that it is forbidden to celebrate the festivals of the kuffaar.

Al-Haafiz al-Dhahabi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “If the Christians have a festival and the Jews have a festival, which belongs only to them, then the Muslim should not join them in that, just as he does not join them in their religion or their direction of prayer.” (Tashabbuh al-Khasees bi Ahl al-Khamees, al-Hikmah magazine, 4/193).

Because one of the basic principles of the pious predecessors was al-walaa’ wa’l-baraa’ (loyalty and friendship vs. disavowal and enmity), it is obligatory for everyone who says Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah Muhammad Rasool Allaah to follow this principle. So he should love the believers and he should hate the disbelievers, oppose them, and be different from them. He should know that that will bring immeasurable benefits, just as imitating them causes far greater harm. In addition to that, when the Muslims imitate them it makes the kuffaar happy and fills their hearts with joy, and it leads the Muslims to love the kuffaar in their hearts. If any Muslim girl who celebrates this holiday because she sees Margaret or Hilary or whoever doing so, this undoubtedly reflects the fact that she is following them and approves of their behaviour. But Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“O you who believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians as Awliyaa’ (friends, protectors, helpers), they are but Awliyaa’ of each other. And if any amongst you takes them (as Awliyaa’), then surely, he is one of them. Verily, Allaah guides not those people who are the Zaalimoon (polytheists and wrongdoers and unjust)”[al-Maa’idah 5:51]

One of the bad effects of imitating them is that this makes it look as if there are more of them, as if they have more supporters and followers. How can it be appropriate for a Muslim who recites in every rak’ah, “Guide us to the Straight Way, The way of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace, not (the way) of those who earned Your Anger, nor of those who went astray” [al-Faatihah 1:6-7 – interpretation of the meaning], to ask Allaah for guidance to the Straight Path of the believers and to keep him away from the path of those who have earned His anger and of those who went astray, then go and follow their path by choice and willingly?

Statistics indicate that Valentine’s Day is second only to Christmas in popularity. So it is clear that the Feast of Love is one of the festivals of the Christians and that it is second only to the festival of Christmas, the celebration of the birth of the Messiah. So it is not permissible for Muslims to join in the celebrations of this date, because we are commanded to differ from them in their religion, customs and other things that belong exclusively to them, as is stated in the Qur’aan and Sunnah and scholarly consensus.

(2)     He should not help the kuffaar in their celebrations, because it is one of the rituals of kufr, so helping them and approving of what they do is helping them to manifest kufr and make it prevail, and approving of it. The Muslim’s religion does not allow him to approve of kufr or help others to manifest it and make it prevail. Hence Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “It is not permissible for the Muslims to imitate them in anything that is specifically part of their festivals, whether it is food, clothing, bathing, lighting fires, or changing a custom of daily life or worship… To sum up, they should not do any of the specific rituals of their (the kuffaar’s) festival on that day; rather the day of their festival should be just another ordinary day for the Muslim.” (Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 25/329)

(3)     He should not help any Muslims who celebrate it. Rather it is obligatory to denounce them, because for the Muslims to celebrate the festivals of the kuffaar is an evil action which must be denounced. Shaykh al-Islam (Ibn Taymiyah) said: “Just as we should not imitate them in their festivals, so too we should not help a Muslim to do that; rather he should be told not to do that.” (al-Iqtidaa’, 2/519-520)

Based on what Ibn Taymiyah said, it is not permissible for Muslim businessmen to deal in gifts for Valentine’s Day, whether they are particular kinds of clothes, red roses, or whatever. Similarly, it is not permissible for the one who is given a gift on this occasion to accept it, because by accepting it, he is showing approval of this holiday.

One of the daa’iyahs said: we went to a flower shop in one of the Muslim countries and we were shocked to find it completely prepared for this occasion, with red carpets at the entrance, red placards and red decorations. We were met by one of the people who worked there, and we asked him why they had done so much to decorate the place for this occasion. He said that these preparations had begun early, and that there had been very many orders… Then he told us that he had been amazed by that, because he was a new Muslim who had left Christianity. He had known about that before he became Muslim, so how come his customers were Muslims and not Christians?!

Other shops ran out of red roses, which were being sold at high prices. When one of the female daa’iyahs entered upon the female students who were gathered in the lecture hall, she was dismayed to find them all carrying something red. One had a red rose, another had a red scarf, or a red handkerchief, or a red bag, or red socks…

Alas for the Muslim girls!

Among the things that have been seen among the Muslims on this holiday:

1-     All the female students agreeing with their friends to tie a red ribbon on the right wrist.

2-     Wearing something red (a blouse, hair clip, shoes…). This reached such an extent last year that when we entered the classroom we found most of the students wearing it, as if it was a uniform.

3-     Red balloons on which are written the words “I love you”. They usually bring these out at the end of the school day, in an area far from where the teachers can see them.

4-     Writing names and hearts on their hands, or just initials.

5-     Red roses are widespread on this day.

Groups of girls entered their lecture rooms on February 14, each of them wearing something red, with red heart-shaped stickers on their faces, wearing red make-up. They started to exchange red-coloured gifts and kiss one another warmly. This happened in more than one university in the Muslim world, even in an Islamic university. In other words they were celebrating Saint Valentine’s Day.

On that day, secondary schools (high schools) were astonished by the large numbers of female students who brought red roses of the finest quality, coloured their faces with red cosmetics, wore red earrings, and started to exchange gifts and warm greetings, in celebration of this day.

Al-Mawsoo’ah al-‘Arabiyyah (the Arabic Encyclopaedia) says that there are special customs for Valentine’s Day, such as printing love poems on cards to be given to relatives and those whom one loves. Some of them draw funny pictures on these cards, and the most common phrase written on them is “be my Valentine”. Parties are often held during the day, where they dance in their fashion. The Europeans still celebrate this holiday. In Britain, sales of flowers reached 22 million pounds. More chocolate is consumed on this day, and companies offer free messages on their Web sites to advertise those sites.

Valentine’s Day has come to a number of Arab and Muslim countries, and has even reached the heartland of Islam (the Arabian Peninsula). It has reached societies which we had thought far removed from this insanity. In Riyadh the price of roses has risen in a crazy manner, so that a single rose costs 36 riyals (10 dollars), whereas before this day it cost 5 riyals. Gift shops and card shops compete in designing cards and gifts for this occasion, and some families hang up red roses in the windows of their homes on this day.

In some of the Gulf countries, shopping centres and hotels have organized special celebrations of Valentine’s Day. Most of the stores and business places are covered with red. One of the finest Gulf hotels was full of balloons and dolls. Following the customs of the Feast of Love and the pagan myths, the restaurant put on a dramatic production with “Cupid”, the idol of love in the Roman myths, nearly naked and carrying a bow and arrow. He and his cohorts were looking to select “Mr. & Mrs. Valentine” from among the people present.

Less expensive restaurants also celebrated this day in their own way. Some stores replaced their regular plates with heart-shaped plates, used red tablecloths and linens, and put a red rose on each table for the man to present to his beloved.

The latest Valentine’s Day craze was started by the owner of a gift-shop in Kuwait. He imports (live) French rabbits which are small and have red eyes. He puts a necktie around the neck of each rabbit, and puts it in a small box to be given as a gift!

We must oppose these things by all possible means. The responsibility rests with us all.

(4)     We should not accept congratulations on Valentine’s Day, because it is not a holiday or an Eid for the Muslims. If the Muslim is congratulated on this occasion, he should not return the congratulations. Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “With regard to congratulating others with the congratulations used by the kuffaar on such occasions, it is haraam by scholarly consensus, such as congratulating them on the occasion of their festivals or fasts, wishing them a blessed festival, etc. Even if the one who says this is free of kufr, it is still haraam. It is like congratulating someone for prostrating to the cross. It is even worse with Allaah and more hated by Him than congratulating someone for drinking alcohol, or committing murder or adultery, etc. Many of those who have no respect for religion do that, and they do not realize the abhorrence of their actions. Whoever congratulates a person for sin, innovation (bid’ah) or kufr exposes himself to the hatred and wrath of Allaah.” (Ahkaam Ahl al-Dhimmah, 1/441-442)

(5)     We must explain the true nature of this holiday and other festivals of the kuffaar to those Muslims who have been deceived by them, and explain to them that it is essential for the Muslim to be distinguished by his religion and to protect his belief (‘aqeedah) from anything that may damage it. This should be done out of sincerity towards the ummah and in fulfilment of the command to enjoin what is good and forbid what is evil.

Fatwas of Muslim scholars concerning Valentine’s Day

The Fatwa of Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him)

Question:

In recent times the celebration of Valentine’s Day has become widespread, especially among female students. This is one of the Christian holidays. They wear all red clothes, including their shoes, and they exchange red flowers… We hope that you can tell us the ruling on celebrating such holidays. What do you advise the Muslims to do with regard to such things? May Allaah keep you and take care of you.

He replied:

Celebrating Valentine’s Day is not permitted for several reasons:

1 – It is an innovated celebration which has no basis in sharee’ah.

2 – It calls for people to keep their hearts and minds busy with these foolish things that go against the guidance of the pious predecessors (may Allaah be pleased with them), so it is not permitted on this day to do any of the customs associated with that holiday, whether that be connected to food, drink, clothing, exchanging gifts or anything else. The Muslim should be proud of his religion and not be so weak of character that he follows everyone who makes a noise. I ask Allaah to protect the Muslims from all temptations, visible and invisible, and to take care of us and give us strength. And Allaah knows best.

The Fatwa of Shaykh ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Jibreen concerning celebrating this day

He was asked: the celebration of the so-called Feast of Love (Valentine’s Day) has become widespread among our boys and girls. This (Valentine) is the name of a saint who is venerated by the Christians, and this day is celebrated every year on February 14. They exchange gifts and red roses, and they wear red clothes. What is the ruling on celebrating this day, or exchanging gifts on this day? May Allaah reward you with good.

He answered:

Firstly, it is not permissible to celebrate such innovated festivals, because this is a newly-invented innovation (bid’ah) which has no basis in sharee’ah. So it is included in the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her), who said that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours (i.e., Islam) which is not part of it, will have it rejected” – i.e., it will be thrown back upon the one who innovated it.

Secondly, this involves imitating and resembling the kuffaar in venerating that which they venerate and respecting their festivals and holidays, and imitating them in some of their religious practices. In the hadeeth it says, “Whoever imitates a people is one of them.”

Thirdly, the things that result from that, such as partying, idle play, singing, music, insolence, impertinence, unveiling, wanton display, mixing of men and women, and the appearance of women before non-mahrams, etc., are all things which are haraam, or are means which lead to immorality. So it should not be justified as an excuse for relaxation and entertainment, or claims that they will not overstep the mark, because that is not right. The one who  cares about himself should keep away from sin and all that leads to it.

On this basis, it is not permissible to sell these gifts and roses, if one knows that the purchaser will celebrate these holidays, give them as gifts or otherwise use them to honour these days, so that the vendor will not be sharing in the guilt of the one who does this innovated action. And Allaah knows best.

The Fatwa of the Standing Committee

The Standing Committee was also asked a question about this holiday:

Some people celebrate the fourteenth day of February of each Christian year as the Day of Love (Valentine’s Day), where they exchange gifts of red roses and wear red clothes, and congratulate one another. Some the bakeries make sweets that are red in colour, with hearts drawn on them, and some stores have advertisements for their products that are especially for this day. What is your opinion?

The Committee replied:

It is haraam for the Muslim to help with this festival or any other haraam celebration in any way, be it food, drink, buying, selling, manufacturing, corresponding, advertising or in any other way, because all of that constitutes helping one another in sin, transgression and disobedience towards Allaah and His Messenger, and Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Help you one another in Al‑Birr and At‑Taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety); but do not help one another in sin and transgression. And fear Allaah. Verily, Allaah is Severe in punishment”[al-Maa’idah 5:2]

So the Muslim must adhere to the Qur’aan and Sunnah in all his affairs, especially at times of fitan (temptation and tribulation) and when corruption is widespread. He should be smart and be careful to avoid falling into the misguidance of those who have earned the anger of Allaah and of those who went astray, and of the evildoers who hope not for reward from Allaah and do not show any respect towards Islam. The Muslim should seek refuge with Allaah and ask for His guidance and for help to adhere steadfastly to it, because none can guide except Allaah and none can make us remain steadfast except Him. And Allaah is the Source of strength. May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions, and grant them peace.

Al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah li’l-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyah wa’l-Iftaa’

Finally, we offer our brothers the following advice:

1 – They should urge the khateebs of the mosques to tell the people and warn them. They should explain this matter to the imaam of the mosque and tell him when this day is approaching. They should give him a copy of the fatwas of the Standing Committee and of Shaykh Muhamamd ibn Saalih ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah forgive him). Every person should make the effort to contact the imaam of his mosque and tell him about this. Certainly there are imaams of mosques among the brothers so perhaps the responsibility of telling them about this will be discharged when they read this article.

2 – Every teacher should explain the reality of this holiday and warn his or her students about it. They will be answerable before Allaah tomorrow. They should explain that it is haraam by quoting the Fatwaa of the Standing Committee. All that should begin a week beforehand in order to be of any benefit.

3 – Those who go around and check on people and the headquarters of organizations should be notified of any shops which are selling gifts for this day or which put up pictures showing what the gift is or how it is wrapped.

4 – Each person should make his family members aware of this. Whoever has sisters in school or brothers should tell them and warn them about this matter, because many people are unaware of this holiday and what it means.

We ask Allaah to protect the Muslims from the harm of temptations and from the evil of their own selves and the plots of their enemies, for He is the All-hearing Who answers prayers. May Allaah send blessings upon His slave and Messenger Muhammad, and upon all his family and companions.

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20 Exam Tips for Students

Praise be to Allaah and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger and upon his family and companions.

The Muslim student puts his trust in Allaah when facing the tests of this world, and he seeks His help whilst following the prescribed means, in accordance with the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “The strong believer is better and is more beloved to Allaah than the weak believer, although both are good. Strive to attain that which will benefit you and seek the help of Allaah, and do not feel helpless.” (Saheeh Muslim, hadeeth no. 2664)

Among those means are the following:

–         Turning to Allaah by making du’aa’ in any way that is prescribed in Islam, such as saying, “Rabbiy ishrah li sadri wa yassir li amri (O my Lord, expand my chest and make things easy for me).”

–         Getting used to sleeping early and going to exams on time.

–         Preparing all required or permitted equipment such as pens, rulers and setsquares, calculators and watches, because being well prepared helps one to answer questions.

–         Reciting the du’aa’ for leaving the house: “Bismillaah, tawakkaltu ‘ala Allaah, wa laa hawla wa laa quwwata illa Billaah. Allaahumma inni a’oodhu bika an adilla aw udalla, aw azilla aw uzalla, aw azlima aw uzlama, aw ajhala aw yujhala ‘alayya (In the name of Allaah, I put my trust in Allaah, and there is no strength and no power except with Allaah. O Allaah, I seek refuge with You lest I should stray or be led astray, lest I slip (commit a sin unintentionally) or be tripped, lest I oppress or be oppressed, lest I behave foolishly or be treated foolishly).” Do not forget to seek your parents’ approval, for their du’aa’ for you will be answered.

–         Mention the name of Allaah before you start, for mentioning the name of Allaah is prescribed when beginning any permissible action; this brings blessing, and seeking the help of Allaah is one of the means of strength.

–         Fear Allaah with regard to your classmates, and do not be affected by their anxiety or fear just before the exam, for anxiety is a contagious disease. Instead, make them feel optimistic by saying good words as prescribed in Islam. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was optimistic when he heard the name of Suhayl (which means “easy”) and he said: “Things have been made easy for you.” He used to like to hear the words ‘Yaa Raashid, when he went out for any purpose. So be optimistic that you and your brothers will pass this exam.

–         Remembering Allaah (dhikr) dispels anxiety and tension. If something is too difficult for you, then pray to Allaah to make it easy for you. Whenever Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) found something too difficult to understand, he would say, “O You Who taught Ibraaheem, teach me; O You Who caused Sulaymaan to understand, cause me to understand.”

–         Choose a good place to sit during the exam, if you can. Keep your back straight, and sit on the chair in a healthy manner.

–         Look over the exam first. Studies advise spending 10% of the exam time in reading the questions carefully, noting the important words and dividing one’s time between the questions.

–         Plan to answer the easy questions first, then the difficult ones. Whilst reading the questions, write notes and ideas which you can use in your answers later.

–         Answer questions according to importance.

–         Start by answering the easy questions which you know. Then move on to the questions which carry high marks, and leave till the end the questions to which you do not know the answers, or which you think will take a long time to produce an answer or which do not carry such high marks.

–         Take your time to answer, for the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Deliberation is from Allaah and haste is from the Shaytaan.” (A hasan hadeeth. Saheeh al-Jaami, 3011).

–         Think carefully about the answer and choose the right answer when answering multiple-choice questions. Deal with them in the following manner. If you are sure that you have chosen the right answer, then beware of waswasah (insinuating whispers from the Shaytaan). If you are not sure, then start by eliminating the wrong or unlikely answers, then choose the correct answer based on what you think is most likely to be correct. If you guessed at a correct answer then do not change it unless you are sure that it is wrong – especially if you will lose marks for a wrong answer. Research indicates that the correct answer is usually that which the student thinks of first.

–         In written exams, collect your thoughts before you start to answer. Write an outline for your answer with some words which will indicate the ideas which you want to discuss. Then number the ideas in the sequence in which you want to present them.

–         Write the main points of your answer at the beginning of the line, because this is what the examiner is looking for, and he may not see what he is looking for if it is in the middle of the page and he is in a hurry.

–         Devote 10% of the time for reviewing your answers. Take your time in reviewing, especially in mathematical problems and writing numbers. Resist the desire to hand in the exam papers quickly, and do not let the fact that some people are leaving early bother you. They may be among the people who have handed in their papers too early.

–         If you discover after the exam that you answered some questions incorrectly, then take that as a lesson in the importance of being well prepared in the future, and not rushing to answer questions. Accept the will and decree of Allaah and do not fall prey to frustration and despair. Remember the hadeeth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), “If anything befalls you, do not say, ‘If only I had done such and such.’ Rather say, ‘Qadar Allaah wa maa sha’a kaan (the decree of Allaah and what He wills happened),’ for saying ‘if only’ opens the door for the Shaytaan.” (Saheeh Muslim, and the first part of this hadeeth was mentioned above).

–         Note that cheating is haraam whether it is in foreign language tests or any other tests. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “Whoever cheats is not one of us.” It is wrongdoing and it is a haraam means of attaining a degree or certificate, etc., that you have no right to. The consensus is that cheating is a kind of cooperation in sin and transgression. So do without that which is haraam, and Allaah will suffice you from His bounty. Reject all offers of haraam things that come to you from others. Whoever gives up a thing for the sake of Allaah, Allaah will compensate him with something better. You have to denounce and resist evil, and tell the authorities about any such thing that you see during the exam, or before or after it. This is not the forbidden kind of slander rather it is denouncing evil which is obligatory.

Advise those who buy or sell questions or post them on the Internet etc., or who prepare cheat notes. Tell them to fear Allaah, and tell them of the ruling on what they are doing and on the money they earn from that. Tell them that the time they are spending in preparing these haraam things, if they spent it in studying, or answering previous exams, or helping one another to understand the subject before the exam, that would be better for them than doing these haraam things.

–         Remember what you have prepared for the Hereafter, and the questions of the examination in the grave, and how to be saved on the Day of Resurrection. Whoever is saved from the Fire and admitted to Paradise will indeed have succeeded.

We ask Allaah to make us succeed in this world and cause us to be among those who are victorious and saved in the Hereafter, for He is the All-Hearing Who answers prayer.

Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid

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ASSALAM O ALAIKUM

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JAZAKALLAH

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